Hemipristis elongatus [Status Unaccepted]   (Klunzinger,  1871) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Government of India

Size: 240 cm; 45 cm (at birth)

Color: Body light ashy brown above, dull white on sides and belly.

Body slender and fusiform. Head moderately depressed, with a rounded snout. Lateral eyes with nictitating eyelids; long gill slits; Fins strongly falcate. Lower teeth protrude prominently when mouth is closed. Mouth with definite labial furrows in both jaws. Spiracles very small, 1/5 of eye diameter; pelvic fins notably long. Posterior margin of anal, second dorsal, pectoral and pelvic fins deeply concave. Second dorsal origin ahead of anal origin,anal fin smaller than second dorsal; crescentic caudal pits.

Synonym (s)
Dirrhizodon elongatus Klunzinger, 1871
Carcharias ellioti Day, 1878
Hemipristis pingali Setna and Sarangdhar, 1946
Carcharhinus ellioti Misra, 1969
Hemipristis elongatus Misra, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Fossil Shark (English)
• Pal Sorrah (Telugu)
• Peducan (Tamil)
• Adugupal Sorrah (Tamil)
• Pingal (Marathi)
• Datri (Marathi)
• Devil Shark (English)
• Snaggle Tooth Shark (English)
• Puzhu Sravu (Malayalam)
• Vizha (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; used in fresh and dried condition; fish meal, fins used for soup, in shark fin trade and offal for fish meal. )

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Anchovies, cat fish, Bombay duck, croakers, carcharhinid shark and butterfly rays


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hanfee, F (1999) Management of shark fisheries in two Indian coastal states: Tamil Nadu and Kerala Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 378 Rome, FAO Part 1 (11) Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X2097E/X2097E14.htm#ch11.
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Elasmobranch Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-22

Back to Search