Alectis ciliaris   (Bloch,  1787) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: T. Suzuki

Description
Size: 24 cm.

Max. weight reported: 22.9 kg

Color: Bluish above, silvery on sides and below, immature with five to seven transverse dark bands on sides of body and root of caudal.

Much compressed, rhombic, angular, elevated, more so in young, height 1.2 to nearly 2 in length. Head 2.5 to about 3 in length, its rostro-dorsal profile steep till eye, thence ascending in an oblique line till dorsal fin, producing a supraoccipital gibbosity, more pronounced in old specimens. Eye according to size 2.5 to more than 3.5, height of praeorbital less than diameter of eye. Snout rather short, rounded, chin prominent, gape of mouth getting less oblique with age. Maxillary extending to or somewhat beyond front border of pupil. Anterior part of lateral line arched, becoming straight about 10th dorsal ray, the straight part about equal to curved part, with 10-15 feeble scutes posteriorly. The anterior six or seven rays of soft dorsal and the anterior four or five anal rays exceedingly produced into filaments, becoming some what shorter with age, but surpassing the caudal, the following rays of equal length, the basal sheath of both fins little developed. Pectorals falcate, their length exceeding in adult that head. Ventrals in young with the four outer rays gradually filiform, reaching anterior third of anal, in adult not reaching anal.

Remarks: Values in about description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Zeus ciliaris Bloch, 1788
Zeus ciliaris Bloch, 1801
Blepharis indicus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Blepharis indicus Schlegel, 1846
Carangoides blepharis Bleeker, 1852
Caranx ciliaris Gunther, 1860
Caranx ciliaris Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Caranx ciliaris Klunzinger, 1871
Caranx ciliaris Gunther, 1876
Caranx ciliaris Day, 1888
Gallichthys ciliaris Lutken, 1880
Caranx ciliaris Macleay, 1881
Scyris ciliaris Klunzinger, 1884
Blepharis ciliaris Sauvage, 1891
Alectis ciliaris Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Scyris ciliaris de Beaufort, 1913
Alectis ciliaris Ogilby, 1915
Alectis ciliaris McCulloch, 1919
Alectis ciliaris Wakiya, 1924
Alectis ciliaris D. St. Jordan and E. K. Jordan, 1925
Alectis ciliaris Barnard, 1927
Blepharis ciliaris Fowler, 1928
Zeus ciliaris Bloch, 1787
Alectis ciliaris Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Alectis breviventralis Wakiya, 1924
(Junior synonym)
Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)
(Senior synonym)
Alectis crinitus (Mitchill, 1826)
(Junior synonym)
Alectis indica (Cuvier, 1833)
(Junior synonym)
Alectis temmincki Wakiya, 1924A
(Junior synonym)
Blepharichthys crinitus (Mitchill, 1826)
(Junior synonym)
Blepharis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)
(Senior synonym)
Blepharis crinitus (Mitchill, 1826)
(Junior synonym)
Blepharis fasciatus Ruppell, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Blepharis indicus Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Blepharis major Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Blepharis sutor Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Carangoides ajax Snyder, 1904
(Junior synonym)
Gallus virescens Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Hynnis cubensis Poey, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Hynnis hopkinsi Jordan & Starks, 1895
(Junior synonym)
Scyris analis Poey, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Zeus ciliaris Bloch, 1787
(Senior synonym)
Zeus crinitus Mitchill, 1826
(Junior synonym)
Zeus gallus Linnaeus, 1758
(Ambiguous synonym)
Alectes ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)
(Misspelling)
Alectis cilaris (Bloch, 1787)
(Misspelling)
Alectis cilliaris Bloch, 1787
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Threadfinned Trevally (English)
• African Pompano (English)
• Agori (Malayalam)
• Kat Bangada (Marathi)
• Thread-fin trevally (English)
• Perum parai
• Threadfin Trevally
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium. Excellent food fish; marketed fresh or dried or salted.
reported to cause ciguatera poisoning.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, squids/cuttlefish, fishes
Predator:  Acanthocybium solandri

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • FishPix Available at - http://fishpix.kahaku.go.jp/fishimage-e/index.html
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1137/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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