Caranx (Gnathanodon) speciosus   Forskal  1775 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 91.5 cm.

Color: Silvery with a golden hue, darker on back, with 8-10 (exceptionally 12) transversal blackish bands, broader and smaller usually alternating, the first oblique through eye, The second crossing back and operculum, generally more pronounced in young specimens, they may fade later on or disappear totally, fins yellowish with dusky tips.

Oblong, dorsal profile from snout to caudal peduncle evenly convex and in its anterior half much more elevated than ventral profile, height 2.3-2.9 in length, head 3-3.30 in length, large, slightly higher than long, its rostro-occipital profile evenly convex. Eye, according to age, 3.6 to more than 5, situated in middle of head, above longitudinal axis of body, its diameter much shorter than snout and about 1/3 longer than postorbital posteriorly, adipose eyelid anteriorly and posteriorly moderately developed, mouth oblique, lower jaw slightly shorter, the upper, reaching in young to front border of pupil, in adult to front border of eye, strongly protractile into a subhorizontal tube. Teeth wanting, at least already in specimens less than 100 mm, in length, tongue rough by minute denticulation. About 20 gillrakers on lower part of first arch, shorter than eye-diameter. Scales small, minute on breast, which they cover totally, present on middle part of cheeks, on postorbital region, top of operculum and temporal and nuchal region, the crested occiput and head otherwise naked. Anterior part of lateral line moderately curved, slightly longer than straight part, which commences about below eighth dorsal ray and is weakly armed in its posterior half with about 15 feeble scutes, increasing in size with age, the broadest reaching about 1/12 of height of body. Dorsal spine weak, the second the longest and 2.5 to more than thrice in head, anterior dorsal and anal rays forming a somewhat elevated but not falcate lobe. Caudal forked, with equal lobes. Pectorals in young shorter, in adult till about 1/5 longer than head, ventrals twice or more shorter than head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scomber rim Forskal 1775
Caranx speciousus Lacepede 1802
Caranx petaurista Geoffroy 1809
Caranx speciousus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1833
Caranx speciousus Richardson 1846
Caranx speciosus Bleeker 1845
Caranx speciosus Cantor 1850
Gnathanodon speciosus Bleeker 1850
Gnathanodon speciosus Bleeker 1852
Caranx speciosus Peters 1855
Caranx speciosus Gunther 1860
Caranx speciousus Playfair and Gunther 1866
Caranx speciousus Klunzinger 1871
Caranx petaurista Klunzinger
Gnathanodon petaurista Bleeker 1875
Caranx edentulus Alleyne and Macleay 1877
Caranx speciousus Macleary 1881
Caranx speciosus Macleay 1882
Caranx obtusiceps Macleay
Caranx speciosus Day 1888
Caranx (Hypocaranx) speciosus Klunzinger 1884
Caranx cives de Vis 1884
Caranx (Hypocaranx) speciosus Steindachner 1900
Caranx speciosus Jenkins 1904
Caranx speciosus Jordan and Evermann 1905
Caranx speciosus Jordan and Seale 1906
Caranx speciosus Seale 1910
Caranx speciosus M. Weber 1913
Caranx speciosus Ogilby 1915
Caranx (Gnathanodon) speciosus Wakiya 1924
Caranx speciosus Barnard 1927
Gnathanodon speciosus Fowler 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1931)

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2009-08-14

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