Caranx (Caranx) sexfasciatus   Quoy and Gaimard,  1824 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Description
Size: 100 cm.

Color: In young bluish, later brownish above, lighter below, in young till about 80 to 100 mm. length crossed by 5-7 broad dark bands, disappearing lateron, the first crossing the eye, in young the spinous dorsal and the lobe of the soft dorsal blackish, all other fins yellowish, in adult the dorsal, anal and caudal more or less blackish, the paired fins light, a small black spot above gillopening.

Oblong, compressed, dorsal profile strongly arched, ventral slightly convex, height 2.50 to 2.75 in length, 3-3.75 in length with caudal. Head obtusely convex, 3 to 3.3 in length, 4-4.50 in length with caudal, rostro-frontal line rounded. Eye 3-4 in head, its diameter longer than interorbital space and, according to age, shorter than or equal to snout, which is rather pointed, praeorbital bone posteriorly more or less than twice lower than diameter of eye, upper jaw terminating in adult below posterior half of eye, lower jaw prominent. Breast entirely scaly. Anterior part of lateral line moderately arched, becoming straight below fourth to sixth dorsal ray, curved part about 1/3 shorter than straight part, which has 30-33 scutes, the largest of which equal to about one seventh of height of body. Teeth in upper jaw in a narrow band, with an outer series of enlarged ones, in lower jaw in a single series, vomer palatines and tongue toothed. Dorsal spine lower than anterior lobe of soft dorsal and anal, which are lower than length of head. Pectorals falcate, in young about equal, later much longer than head, ventrals twice or more shorter than head. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes acute.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy and Gaimard 1824
Scomber heberi Bennett 1828
Caranx forsteri Cuvier and Valenciennes 1833
Caranx peroni Cuvier and Valenciennes
Caranx belengeri Cuvier and Valenciennes
Caranx heberi Cuvier and Valenciennes
Caranx forsteri Richardson 1843
Scomber hippos L. Forster 1844
Caranx paraspistes Richardson 1844
Caranx flavocoeruleus Temminck and Schlegel 1845
Caranx sexfasciatus Bleeker 1845
Caranx forsteri Bleeker 1852
Caranx forsteri Cantor 1850
Caranx hippos Gunther 1860
Caranx forsteri Kner 1867
Carangus hippos Bleeker 1868
Caranx lessonii Bleeker
Caranx hippos Klunzinger 1871
Caranx hippos Gunther 1876
Caranx papuensis Alleyne and Macleay 1876
Caranx hippos Day 1888
Caranx hippos Macleay 1881
Caranx hippus Klunzinger 1884
Caranx hippos Sauvage 1891
Caranx sexfasciatus Sauvage
Caranx forsteri Sauvage
Caranx latus Fowler 1900
Caranx sexfasciatus Seale 1901
Caranx sexfasciatus Jordan and Evermann 1902
Carangus marginatus Jenkins 1904
Carangus rhabdotus Jenkins
Carangus latus Jenkins
Carangus latus Snyder
Caranx semisomnus Fowler 1904
Carangus elacate Jordan and Evermann 1905
Carangus marginatus Jordan and Evermann
Carangus rhabdotus Jordan and Evermann
Caranx sem Fowler 1905
Caranx marginatus Fowler 1905
Caranx sexfasciatus Jordan and Seale 1906
Caranx sexfasciatus Evermann and Seale 1906
Caranx forsteri Steindachner 1906
Caranx sexfasciatus Seale 1910
Caranx forsteri Bean and Weed 1912
Caranx forsteri M. Weber 1913
Tricropterus forsteri Jordan and Starks 1917
Caranx papuensis McCulloch 1924
Caranx sexfasciatus Wakiya 1924
Caranx marginatus D. St. Jordan and E. K. Jordan 1925
Caranx marginatus E. K. Jordan 1925
Caranx forsteri Barnard 1927
Caranx sexfasciatus Fowler 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Prey:  Fragments of fish, decapod appendages and Squilla

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island (Lat: 11.08) (Long: 72.75) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti Island (Lat: 10.85) (Long: 78.46) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6009/1/1.pdf
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1898/1/Article_03.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-26

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