Caranx (Carangoides) armatus   Forsskal  1775 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 50 cm.

Color: Bluish-green above, silvery below, opercular spot moderately distinct, less so in young, spinous dorsal and ventrals usually blackish, soft dorsal, anal caudal yellowish, their produced rays black, pectorals yellowish with black axil, the young with 4-6 dark crossbars.

Ovate, strongly compressed, the nape elevated, curving down to point of snout in a convex, trenchant line, height somewhat more or less than twice in length. Head higher than long, about 3-3.5 in length. Eye in adult 3.5 in head, about equal to blunt snout and convex interorbital space, situated nearly in middle of head and crossed by longitudinal axis of body, in young the eye more than four in head and longer than snout. Maxillary reaching to front border of pupil or to middle of eye, adipose eyelids feebly developed, praeorbital much lower than eye. Teeth minute in narrow villiform bands on jaws, vomer, palatines and tongue. Gillrakers about 21 on lower part of anterior arch. Triangular naked patch of breast extending somewhat behind base of ventrals. Lateral line moderately arched, becoming straight below about middle or posterior third of soft dorsal or below about thirteenth ray, the arched part in adult 1/4 longer than straight part, on the posterior section of which are only to be counted more or less than 20 feebly armed, small scutes. Anterior rays of dorsal and anal forming an elevated falcate lobe, the height of which increases with age and may attain in the dorsal fin half of the total length of the body, in the anal less so, both fins with a high scaly basal sheath in adult. Pectorals much longer than head, ventrals less than half length of pectorals, caudal deeply forked, with equal lobes and with a conspicuous superior and inferior oblique basal crest on both sides.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena armata Forskal 1775
Citula plumbea Quoy and Gaimard 1824
Citula ciliaria Ruppell 1828
Citula armata Ruppell
Caranx citula Cuvier and Valenciennes 1833
Caranx armatus Cuvier and Valenciennes
Caranx ciliaris Cuvier and Valenciennes
Olistus malabaricus Cuvier and Valenciennes
Olistus ruppelii Cuvier and Valenciennes
Caranx armatus Bleeker 1845
Caranx ciliaris Bleeker
Caranx armatus Cantor 1850
Carangoides citula Bleeker 1852
Caranx seriolinus Montrouzier 1856
Citula seriolinus Thiolliere 1857
Carangoides armatus Bleeker 1859
Caranx armatus Gunther 1860
Carangoides ciliaris Bleeker 1862
Citula ciliaris Bleeker 1863
Caranx armatus Playfair and Gunther 1866
Caranx citula Kner 1867
Caranx armatus Klunzinger 1871
Citula armata Bleeker 1878
Caranx armatus Macleay 1881
Caranx (Carangoides) armatus Klunzinger 1884
Caranx armatus Day 1888
Caranx auratus M. Weber 1895
Citula armata Fowler 1905
Caranx plumbeus Jordan and Seale 1906
Caranx armatus Evermann and Seale 1906
Caranx rastrosus Jordan and Snyder 1911
Caranx armatus Bean and Weed 1912
Caranx armatus M. Weber 1913
Citula armata Jordan and Starks 1917
Caranx (Citula) armata Wakiya 1924
Caranx (Citula) schlegeli Wakiya
Caranx (Citula) plumbeus Wakiya
Caranx (Citula) ciliaris Wakiya
Caranx armatus Barnard 1927
Carangoides armatus Fowler 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1931)
• INDIA (Record: 1931)

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Available at -

Page last updated on:2009-08-12

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