Caranx (Selar) Kalla   Cuvier and Valenciennes,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Description
Size: 20 cm.

Color: Greenish gray above, slivery below, a conspicuous black spot on opercle and shoulder tail and caudal in life (after Day) brilliant yellow, the upper lobe tinged green, other fins hyaline, anterior dorsal spines blackish.

Ovate, tapering posteriorly, the ventral profile much more convex than the dorsal and sharp-edged till anal, the height varying according to length between 2.5 to nearly 4 in length, the small convex head 3.5-5. Eye 3-4, its diameter greater than snout and than inter orbital space, posterior adipose eyelid not reaching pupil, the anterior narrow. Maxillary reaching to below first third of eye, jaws sub equal, the lower prominent in larger specimens. Praeopercular border entire. Gillrakers long and slender, 28-30 in the lower part of the anterior arch. Teeth small, conical, even, in the jaws in a single series, in the anterior part of the vomer in a triangular patch, in a band on the palatines and in the middle of the tongue. Conspicuous scales on body, forming a sheath to anterior part of second dorsal and anal, breast scaly, cheeks and temples scaly, the head otherwise naked. Anterior part of lateral line moderately curved, terminating below 4th-6th dorsal ray, its straight part about twice longer than curved part with about 40-46 armed scutes, the highest of which go 6-7 times in height of body. Spinous dorsal with the 3rd, 4th, and 5th spine the longest, more than twice in head and less than height of anterior dorsal rays which gradually decrease in size and are somewhat produced. Soft anal of similar construction, originating about below 4th dorsal ray. Pectorals falciform, much longer than head. Ventrals small, rounded, implanted below base of pectorals, their second ray reaching vent. Caudal deeply forked, spreading, the upper lobe much the longest.

Remarks: Values in the above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Caranx kalla Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Selar kuhlii Bleeker, 1852
Selar brevis Bleeker, 1852
Selar kalla Bleeker, 1853
Selar Broekmeyeri Bleeker, 1855
Caranx calla Gunther, 1860
Selar micropus Bleeker, 1860
Caranx xanthurus Bleeker, 1865
Caranx para Kner, 1867
Caranx kalla Day, 1878
Caranx brevis Bleeker, 1870
Caranx calla Bleeker, 1873
Caranx kuhli Bleeker, 1878
Caranx kalla Day, 1888
Caranx (Selar) kalla Klunzinger, 1884
Micropteryx queenslandiae De Vis, 1884
Alepes scitula Fowler, 1904
Caranx calla Evermann and Seale, 1906
Caranx kalla Jordan and Seale, 1907
Caranx nigripinnis Jordan and Seale, 1907
Caranx calla Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Caranx brevis Seale, 1910
Caranx kalla Bean and Weed, 1912
Caranx kalla M. Weber, 1913
Caranx kalla MuCulloch, 1915
Alepes kalla Ogilby, 1915
Selar calla Jordan and Starks, 1917
Caranx kuhli E. K. Jordan, 1927
Selar kalla Barnard, 1927
Caranx kuhlii Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Prey:  copepods such as Acartia, Centropages, Pseudodiaptomus, Temora and Paracalanus; Prawns, Lucifer, fish post-larvae, Squilla, pteropods (chiefly Creseis sp.); mysids, ostracods, crab megalopa, cirripede larvae and larval bivalves

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1898/1/Article_03.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-26

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