Solenocaulon tortuosum   Gray,  1862 (Soft coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Alcyonacea
Family:Anthothelidae

Image copyrights: The Marine Biological Association of India

Description
Size: Height 10-12 cm; diameter 8-15 mm

Resemble broken twigs in general appearance. The stem seldom branches and tubular except at its stalk portion, which is circular and the cavity inside communicates with the exterior through openings situated at or near the annular projections on the stem. These may represent 'houses' made by other animals, mainly crustaceans.
Spicules comprise of spindles of branch cortex, smaller-0.1 mm and larger 0.4 mm, spheres of stalk cortex 0.8 mm, needles of branch medulla 0.1-0.37 x 0.002-0.014 mm, slender and spiny needles of stalk medulla 0.3-0.6 x 0.008-0.025 mm, and 'Y' shaped spicules at different growth stages found in deeper parts of the cortex with a maximum size of 0.3 mm.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 1997) (Depth: -(50-60) mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Mary, AG and Lazarus, S (2004) Gorgonids off the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 32-43 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2011-12-22

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