Hemigymnus fasciatus   (Bloch,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 75-80 cm.

Color: Several color phases with age and sex. Basic color pattern changes little with growth although the posterior most white bands disappear on large individuals.

Height 2.6, 3.1-3.2 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.8, 3.1-3.4 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.2 in its length. Eye 7-7.6, 2.6-3.8 in snout and 1.6-1.7 in flat or even somewhat concave inter orbital space. Mouth small, horizontal. Maxillary by far not reaching to below anterior nostril. Teeth compressed, rounded at top, in one series in the jaws, followed on the lingual side by some round molari form teeth. Anteriorly in both jaws two almost horizontal canines, those of the upper jaw longer than those of the lower jaw. Lower and posterior part of cheeks with 2 or 3 rows of thin scales imbedded in the skin. Posterior and inferior preopercular limb naked. 16-17 rows of scales before dorsal, the anterior ones small, thin and more or less imbedded in the skin. Dorsal spines slender, but stiff and pungent, the first shorter than eye, the last equal to distance between posterior border of eye and posterior nostril. Soft dorsal higher than spinous part, the longest ray more than twice eye. First anal spine minute, third longest slightly longer than last dorsal spine. Soft anal as deep as soft dorsal. Pectorals about equal to snout and eye, ventrals pointed, slightly shorter. Caudal truncate or slightly rounded. Lips thick with age. Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Halichoeres fasciatus (Bloch, 1792)
(Senior synonym)
Labrus fasciatus Walbaum, 1792
(Senior synonym)
Labrus fasciatus Bloch, 1792
Labrus fuliginosus Lacepede, 1802
Sparus zonephorus Lacepede, 1802
Scarus quinque fasciatus Bennett, 1830
Halichoeres sexfasciatus Ruppell, 1835
Tautoga fasciata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Cheilinus blochii Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Tautoga fasciata Bleeker, 1853
Tautoga leucomos Bleeker, 1858
Hemigymnus fasciatus Gunther, 1862
Hemigymnus fasciatus Bleeker, 1862
Hemigymnus sexfasciatus Gunther, 1862
Hemigymnus fasciatus Klunzinger, 1871
Hemigymnus fasciatus Day, 1877
Hemigymnus fuliginosus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Hemigymnus fasciatus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Hemigymnus fasciatus P. J. Schmidt, 1930
Thalliurus fasciatus Roxas and Martin, 1937
Hemigymnus fasciatus Day, 1878
Hemigymuns fasciatus (Bloch, 1792)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Barred Thicklip (English)
• Barred Wrasse (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium, fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small crustaceans, mollusks and echinoderms

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

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