Plectorhinchus gibbosus   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Max. size: 70 cm.

Color: uniform dark grey to brownish or blackish; large examples are sometimes mottled with light brown.

Lips fleshy, greatly swollen with age; chin with 6 pores but no median pit; gillrakers on first arch 26 to 30 (8 to 10 on upper limb 1 at corner and 17 to 19 on lower limb). Dorsal fin with 14 spines and 15 or 16 soft rays. Scales ctenoid (rough to touch). Lateral line with about 50 to 55 tubed scales.

Synonym (s)
Diagramma gibbosus Hombron & Jacquinot, 1853
(Ambiguous synonym)
Gaterin niger (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Holocentrus gibbosus Lacepede, 1802
(Senior synonym)
Plectorhinchus gibbosus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1853)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pseudopristipoma nigra (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Pseudopristipoma nigrus (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Pseudopristipoma pigra Munro, 1955
Gaterin niger (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830)
Plectorhynchus crassispina (Ruppel, 1835)
Plectorhynchus nigrus (Cuvier, 1830)

Common Name (s)
• Harry Hotlips (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, marketed fresh and salted; gamefish
Causes ciguatera poisoning)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, benthic crustaceans


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-28

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