Epinephelus leopardus   (Lacepede)  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 19.5 cm.

Color: In alcohol-specimens brownish, head more or less spotted with light yellowish. A dark broad band, running from the eye to the point of the opercular flap and ending there with a still darker patch, is often present. A dark patch on the back of the tail, often followerd by a smaller one. Anal with a submarginal black band. Caudal with two oblique dark bars, converging posteriorly or united into a crescentric band.

Height 2.7-3.2, 3.3-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.3-2.8, 2.7-3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 4.7-5, somewhat less than snout. Interorbital space four fifths of eye. Lower jaw strongly projecting. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching beyond posterior border of eye, the width of its distal extremity equal to diameter of eye. Praeoperculum very finely serrated behind, its angle rounded. Opercular flap pointed. Middle opercular spine slightly nearer to lower than to upper one. Teeth forming rather broad bands, the inner row of depressible teeth in the lower jaw and those near symphysis in upper jaw very long and slender. An outer row of fixed teeth in both jaws, ending near symphysis with a canine. Head covered with cycloid scales, snout and maxillary entirely or partially scaly. Gillrakers 10 on lower part of anterior arch, somewhat shorter than gill-fringes. Dorsal originating above base of pectorals, spines increasing in length to the fourth or fifth, which is about one third of head and considerably shorter than longest soft dorsal rays. Second anal spines stronger and longer than third, somewhat shorter than soft anal rays. Pectorals half eye-diameter less than head without snout. Ventrals shorter than postorbital part of head. Caudal rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Labrus leopardus Lacepede 1802
Serranus leopardus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1828
Serranus zanana Cuvier and Valenciennes
Serranus spilurus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1833
Serranus spilurus Bleeker 1854
Serranus zanana Gunther 1859
Epinephelus spilurus Bleeker 1863
Serranus homfrayi Day 1870
Serranus leopardus Gunther 1875
Epinephelus leopardus Bleeker 1876
Serranus leopardus Day 1888
Epinephelus leopardus Sauvage 1891
Epinephelus leopardus Boulenger 1895
Epinephelus leopardus Waite 1899
Epinephelus leopardus Steindachner 1901
Cephalopholis leopardus Jordan and Seale 1906
Cephalopholis leopardus Jordan and Seale 1908
Cephalopholis leopardus Fowler 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1931)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA (Record: 1931)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-07-30

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