Epinephelus argus   (Bloch and Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 43 cm.

Color: Brownish, head, body and fine covered by dark brown spots, with a light bluish center in the middle. Posterior part of body sometimes with dark vertical bands.

Height 2.8-3, 3.5-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.4-2.5, 3-3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 5.1-6.6, equal to ro more than (in large specimens) interorbital space and twice or less in snout. Lower jaw strongly projecting. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching to vertical through hindborder of eye in large specimens, in smaller ones beyond this line. Width of distal extremity of maxillary equal to or more than diameter of eye. Teeth in jaws long and slender, forming rather broad bands. An outer row of fixed teeth in the upper jaw, ending near symphysis at each side with a canine. A similar pair of canines in the lower jaw. Praeoperculum very finely serrated, almost smooth in large specimens. Middle opercular spine much nearer to lower than to upper one. Head, including snout and maxillary, covered with small cycloid scales. Gillrakers 9 and a few rudiments in front, on lower part of anterior arch, the longest about equal to gillfringes. Dorsal originating above base of pectorals. Spines increasing in length to the fourth or fifth, which go twice or less than twice in postorbital part of head, much shorter than posterior soft dorsal rays. Second anal spine stronger and somewhat longer than third spine, much shorter than soft anal rays. Pectorals equal to postorbital part of head. Ventrals one eye-diameter shorter. Caudal rounded. Scales moderately ctenoid.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Bodianus guttatus Bloch, 1790
Cephalopholis argus Bloch, 1801
Bodianus jacob-evertsen Lacepede, 1802
Serranus myriaster Ruppell, 1828
Serranus myriaster Lesson, 1830
Serranus myriaster Quoy and Gaimard, 1833
Serranus myriaster Richardson, 1846
Serranus myriaster Bleeker, 1854
Serranus argus Gunther, 1859
Epinephelus guttatus Bleeker, 1863
Serranus argus Peters, 1865
Serranus guttatus Kner, 1867
Serranus guttatus Klunzinger, 1884
Serranus guttatus Gunther, 1875
Serranus guttatus Day, 1888
Serranus guttatus Macleay, 1881
Serranus perguttatus De Vis, 1883
Epinephelus argus Sauvage, 1891
Serranus guttatus Picaglia, 1894
Epinephelus argus Boulenger, 1895
Cephalopholis argus Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Cephalopholis argus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Epinephelus argus Steindachner, 1906
Cephalopholis argus Fowler, 1907
Cephalopholis argus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Cephalopholis argus Kendall and Goldsborough, 1911
Epinephelus argus Barnard, 1927
Cephalopholis argus Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1931)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-16

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