Epinephelus sonnerati [Status Unaccepted]   (Valenciennes,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 54 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens light reddish brown, with meshwork of darker brown on head and anterior part of back, indistinctly continued as light distant spots here and there on body and on vertical fins, which have a more or less distinct dark border. Often the head and body are uniformly dark brown in alcohol, with or without faint indications of dark lines on the head.

Height 2.9, 2.5-26, 3.1-3.2 in length with caudal. Head 3.1, 3.7-3.8 in length with caudal. Eye 5-6.5, shorter than snout. Interorbital space about four fifths of eye. Lower jaw projecting, mouth rather oblique, maxillary reaching to below posterior border of eye or a little beyond, The width of its distal extremity nearly equalling or exceeding diameter of eye. Prae-operculum very finely and evenly serrated, its angle rounded. Teeth forming rather broad bands, in three to five series on the sides of the mandible, canines moderate or strong. Middle opercular spine nearer lower than upper. Gillrakers 9 or 10 and 5 or 6 rudiments, on lower part of anterior arch, the longest about as long as gill-fringes. Dorsal originating above base of pectorals, spines increasing in length to the third, which is 1/4 to 1/3 length of head, and considerably shorterthan posterior soft rays. Second and third anal spines subequal, as long as or little shorter than longest dorsal spine, 1/2 to 2/3 length of longest soft rays. Pectorals about as long as postorbital part of head, ventrals only a little shorter. Caudal rounded. Scales strongly ciliated.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus sonnerati Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Serranus erythraeus Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Epinephelus janthinopterus Bleeker, 1874
Serranus sonnerati Day, 1888
Epinephelus sonnerati Boulenger, 1895
Epinephelus sonnerati Steindachner, 1902
Epinephelus sonnerati Barnard, 1927
Cephalopholis sonnerati Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1931)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8218/1/Bulletin_No_47.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-08

Back to Search