Demania baccalipes   (Alcock,  1898) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: Pillai, SK

Color: The body is reddish in colour with green patches.

The cardiac region of the carapace is slightly rugose and lacks any granules or distinct grooves. The inner angle of the wrist of the chelipeds is with blunt rounded tubercle. The dorsal margin of the merus of the ambulatory legs is lined with rounded granules.

Synonym (s)
Xantho (Lophoxanthus) baccalipes Alcock, 1898

Common Name (s)
• Demon Crab (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Coromandel Coast INDIA (Depth: 30-60 mts)
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Pillai, SL and Thirumilu, P (2008) New record of brachyuran crabs from the Chennai coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin 50(2) 238-340 Available at -
  • Gokul, A and Venkataraman, K (2005) Status and biology of coral associated Xanthid crabs in Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 142-147 Available at -
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at -
  • Fredrick, WS; Ravichandran, S and Balasubramanian, T (2011) Toxicity of Brachuryan crabs in India Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry Informa UK Ltd 93(2) 406-411 Available at -
  • Kathirvel, M (2009) Marine poisonous brachyuran crabs of India Fishing chimes 29(9) 24-29 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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