Epinephelus boenack [Status Unaccepted]   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 33 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens brown or reddish brown, body with or without dark vertical bars. Head uniform or with dark transverse undulous lines (bluish in life), which may also cover the body and extend on the vertical fins and pectorals. The incised membrane of the spinous part of the dorsal black at tip.

Height 2.6-2.9, 3.2-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.6, 3.2-3.3 in length with caudal. Eye 5.5-6, 1.5-1.6 in snout. Interorbital space about equal to eye. Lower jaw projecting. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to vertical through hindborder of eye or a little farther, the width of its distal extremity equal to or somewhat more than eye. Teeth in the jaws forming rather narrow bands, the inner row of depressible teeth in the mandibles and those near symphysis of praemaxillaries very long and slender. An outer row of fixed teeth in the upper jaw, ending near symphysis at each side with a canine, whichmay be strong or moderate. A similar pair of canines in the lower jaw. Praeoperculum very finely serrated, its angle rounded. Middle opercular spine nearer lower than upper. Opercular flap obtusely pointed, upperborder convex. Head covered with cycloid scales, maxillary often naked. Gillrakers 9-11 and 6-7 rudiments on lower part of anterior arch, the longest at least as long as gill-fringes. Dorsal originating above base of pectorals, spines increasing in length to the third or fourth, which go about 2.5 in head, posterior soft rays considerably longer. Second anal spine stronger and somewhat longer than third one, much shorter than longest soft anal rays. Pectorals as long as head without snout and without opercular flap. Ventrals as long as postorbital part of head. Caudal rounded. Scales of body and tail strongly ciliated.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus stigmapomus Gunther, 1859
Bodianus boenack Bloch, 1790
Perca fusca Thunberg, 1793
Sciaena formosa Shaw, 1799
Serranus boelang Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Serranus formosus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Serranus boelang Quoy and Gaimard, 1883
Serranus stigmapomus Richardson, 1845
Serranus formosus Bleeker, 1849
Serranus boenack Kner, 1867
Serranus boenack Peters, 1865
Serranus boelang Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Epinephelus boenack Bleeker, 1868
Epinephelus formosus Bleeker, 1874
Serranus boelang Day, 1888
Serranus stigmopomus Macleay, 1881
Epinephelus boenack Boulenger, 1895
Cephalopholis stigmatopomus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Petrometopon boenack Jordan, 1913
Cephalopholis boenack Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1931)
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8218/1/Bulletin_No_47.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-08

Back to Search