Epinephelus pachycentrum   Cuvier and Valenciennes  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 21.5 cm.

Color: Dark brown, with or without darker vertical bars. Head uniform or with numerous dark (bluish) dots, which may also extend on the anterior part of the body. The incised membrane of the spinous part of the dorsal black at tip. Caudal and soft dorsal and anal with a light margin, sometimes bordered at the proximal side with a black band.

Height 2.4-2.9, 3.1-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.6, 3-3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 4.5-5.6, 1.5 or less in snout. Interorbital space somewhat less than eye. Lower jaw projecting. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching beyond vertical through hindborder of eye, the width of its distal extremity equal to or somewhat less than diameter of eye. Teeth in the jaws forming rather narrow bands, the inner row of depressible teeth in the mandibles and those near symphysis of praemaxillaries very long and slender. An outer row of fixed teeth in the upper jaw, ending near symphysis, at each side with a canine, a similar pair of canines in the lower jaw. Praeoperculum finely serrated, its angle rounded. Middle opercular spine nearer to lower than to upper. Opercular flap obtusely pointed, upper border convex. Head covered with cycloid scales, snout and maxillary often naked. Gillrakers 9-10 and 6-7 rudiments on lower part of anterior arch, the longest at least as long as gill-fringes. Dorsal originating above or slightly in front of base of pectorals. Spines increasing in length to the third or fourth, which go about 2.5 in head. Posterior soft rays considerably longer. Second anal spine stronger and generally considerably longer than third spine, as long as or slightly shorter than longest soft anal rays. Pectorals as long as head without snout and without opercular flap. Ventrals equal to postorbital part of head. Caudal rounded. Scales of body and tail strongly ciliated.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus pachycentron Cuvier and Valenciennes 1828
Serranus guttatus Cuvier and Valenciennes
Serranus zananella Bleeker 1849
Serranus microprion Bleeker 1852
Serranus microprion Gunther 1859
Epinephelus microprion Bleeker 1863
Epinephelus boelang Bleeker 1874
Serranus pachycentrum Macleay 1880
Epinephelus pachycentrum Boulenger 1895
Petrometopon pachycentron Fowler 1904
Cephalopholis pachycentron Evermann and Seale 1906
Petrometopon pachycentron Fowler 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1931)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-07-29

Back to Search