Diploprion bifasciatum   Cuvier,  1828 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Serranidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 24-25 cm.

Color: Yellowish with two broad brownish or blackish crossbands, the narrower anterior as broad as eye, passes through it from end of upper jaw, to origin of spinous dorsal, the posterior originates about between fifth dorsal spine and anterior part of soft dorsal and descends obliquely to anterior part of anal, spinous dorsal blackish, anteriorly yellowish as the other fins, with exception of ventrals, which are dusky toward tip.

Body compressed, its width 3.3-4 in depth. Height 2-2.5 in length, head about thrice, its rostro-dorsal profile nearly straight with a feeble concavity before eyes, with a rugose occiput, back elevated. Eyes more or less than 4 in head, their diameter equal to arched interorbital space. Upper jaw reaching about to vertical through middle of eye, nearly twice in length of head. Spinous dorsal strongly arched, with slender spines, the second, third and fourth the longest, more than twice in height, only slightly connected at its base with the soft dorsal, which is rounded, its longest ray somewhat shorter than longest spine. Anal with two weak spines, the second longer than the first. Caudal rounded, its length equal to that of the broadly rounded pectorals, which are somewhat shorter than head without snout. Ventrals with a strong spine, their outer rays prolonged, reaching past anus or on anal and longer than head. For other characters see those of the family.
Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 16; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12 - 13.
Normally yellow, but sometimes nearly all black and juveniles take-on colors of the local venomous Meiacanthus blennies that are yellow or grey.

Secretes the skin toxin grammistin under stress.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Diploprion bifasciatus Cuvier, 1828
(Misspelling)
Diploprion bifasciatum Schlegel, 1842
Diploprion bifasciatum Richardson, 1845
Diploprion bifasciatum Bleeker, 1857
Diploprion bifasciatum Gunther, 1859
Diploprion bifasciatum Kner, 1867
Diploprion bifasciatum Bleeker, 1876
Diploprion bifasciatum Macleay, 1881
Diploprion bifasciatus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Diploprion bifasciatus Jordan and Richardson, 1910
Diploprion bifasciatus Jordan and Starks, 1917
Diploprion bifasciatus Marshall, 1927

Common Name (s)
• Two Band Sea Perch (English)
• Anoovah Meen (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fishes

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 09/2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khan, SA; Ramesh, S and Lyla, PS (2008) Diversity of coral reef fishes in cuddalore waters, south-east coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 55(3) 221-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-15

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