Haematococcus pluvialis   J. Von Flotow,  1844 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Chlorophyceae
Order:Volvocales
Family:Haematococcaceae

Image copyrights: Sathi Ravi Kanth Reddy

Description
Size: Cells 6-9 μm long, 5-8 μm broad

Cells solitary; protoplast away from cell wall, connected with cytoplasmic strands, biflagellate; eye spot at anterior end; cup-shaped chloroplast.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(It is the richest known natural source for Astaxanthin. Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant and can serve as a potent free-radical scavenger. Moreover, astaxanthin has been found to provide many essential biological functions, including protection against lipid-membrane peroxidation of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids and proteins, DNA damage and UV light effects; it also plays an important role in immunological defense. )

Ecology

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Nalasopara Saltpans INDIA (Record: 10/2002-12/2002)

Literature Source(s)
  • Velankar, DA and Chaugule, BB (2007) Algae of the saltpans of Nalasopara, Mumbai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 273-278 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Alga Technologies Available at - http://www.algatech.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-09-28

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