Psammoperca waigiensis   (Cuvier,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FishBase John E. Randall

Size: 32 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens reddish brown, with silvery reflections on side of head and belly. Fins reddish brown, ventrals more blackish in their distal part.

Dorsal profile slightly arched, somewhat cancave before eyes. Height 2.6-3.1, 3.3-3.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3, 3.6-3.7 in length with caudal. Eye 4.1-4.6, a littel less than snout and somewhat more than convex interorbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Jaws equal. Maxillary reaching to below posterior dorder of pupil or somewhat farther, the width of its distal extremity one half or two thirds of eye. Small crowded granular teeth in bands in jaws and on palatines, in a triangular patch on vomer. Teeth on tongue. Praeorbital smooth. Praeoperculum finely serrated posteriorly, smooth inferiorly. A strong spine at angle of praeopercular ridge. opercular spine weaker. Snout naked, cheeks with about 15 rows of scales, the lower series smaller than the upper ones. Scales from occiput extending forward to between eyes. Opercles with large scales. First dorsal spine small, half length of second, which is equal to or somewhat longer than eye. Third spine equal to half length of head or somewhat shorter, slightly longer than fourth one, which is generally as strong and some times even stronger than third one. Spine of second dorsal equal to sixth spine of first dorsal. Base of second dorsal, which is rounded, as long as that of first dorsal, the longest soft rays about as long as third spine of first dorsal. First anal spine somewhat more than half length of second, which is equal to third one and to diameter of eye. Anal rounded, its origin below beginning of second fourth of second dorsal, its end somewhat farther back than that of second dorsal. Pectorals somewhat shorter than ventrals, equal to ro somewhat more than postorbital part of head. Ventrals spine as long as snout or somewhat longer. Caudal rounded. Leash height of caudal peduncle equal to its length and to postorbital part of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Labrax waigiensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Psammoperca datnioides Richardson, 1846
Cnidon chinensis Muller and Troschel, 1849
Labrax waigiensis Bleeker, 1851
Psammoperca waigiensis Bleeker, 1853
Psammoperca waigiensis Gunther, 1859
Psammoperca waigiensis Kner, 1867
Psammoperca waigiensis Gunther, 1872
Psammoperca waigiensis Macleay, 1881
Psammoperca waigiensis Day, 1889
Psammoperca vaigiensis Boulenger, 1895
Psammoperca waigiensis Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Psammoperca waigiensis McCulloch, 1913
Psammoperca waigensis (Cuvier, 1828)

Common Name (s)
• Waigen Sea Perch (English)
• Chenganni (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; rated quite high as a food fish)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tampi, PRS (1959) The ecological and fisheries characteristics of a salt water lagoon near Mandapam Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 1(2) 113-130 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-17

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