Scolopsis bilineatus   (Bloch,  1793) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Nemipteridae

Image copyrights: Zubi

Description
Size: 20 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish-olive above, golden or silvery below. In young ones two margaritaceous strips, running from above eye and from hind border of eye, parallel to each other, to base of soft dorsal. A third much broader band from snout, below eye to end of dorsal, where it ends in a margaritaceous patch. This band bordered above and below with a narrow black stripe. There is also a median narrow margaritaceous stripe, running from inter orbital space to base of dorsal. In older specimens the two superior stripes are relatively much shorter and run upwards in a curved line in the direction of the spinous dorsal, which they do not reach. The light band, still bordered by black lines, also curves upwards and ends below the anterior soft dorsal rays. It does not reach anymore the margaritaceous patch, which is still visible below the end of the soft dorsal. Fins hyaline or yellowish, an elongate black patch, bordered below with white, in upper part of dorsal, between penultimate or last spine and the anterior four or five rays. Membrane between anal spines and first anal ray black, that between first and second ray white.

Height 2.6-2.8, 3.2-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.9-3.3, 3.7-4.1 in length with caudal. Eye 2.8-3.3, somewhat more than Snout and than slightly convex inter orbital space. scales on head beginning before eyes, reaching on snout to a line connecting anterior nostrils. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary smooth, reaching slightly beyond vertical through front border of eye. Slender curved teeth in narrow bands in the jaws, the outer series enlarged. Preoperculum with 4 transverse rows of scales and one or two rows more on inferior limb, which is scaly. Posterior border of preoperculum scalloped, the edge rounded, Strongly denticulate. Suborbital spine strong, reaching to below hind border of pupil or somewhat farther. Two to three smaller spine below it. First dorsal spine three fourths of second or somewhat longer. Third slightly longer than second. Fourth to seventh spine sub equal, as long as post orbital part of head eye together. Soft dorsal higher than spinous part, rounded. First anal spine somewhat less than half length of second, which is somewhat longer than third and as longest dorsal spine. Soft anal rounded, as high as or somewhat higher than soft dorsal. Pectorals and ventrals, the first ray of which is produced, sub equal, not quite as long as head. Caudal forked.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Anthias bilineatus Bloch, 1793
Lutjanus ellepticus Lacepede, 1802
Scolopsides bilineatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Scolopsides lineatus Bleeker, 1853
Scolopsis bilineatus Gunther, 1859
Scolopsis bilineatus Day, 1888
Scolopsis bilineatus Bleeker, 1873
Scolopsis bilineata Snyder, 1912
Scolopsis bilineatus Fowler, 1931
Scolopsis bilineatus Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Kolkodindan
• Two-lined Monacle Bream
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2005) Community organization of coral reef fishes in the rubble sub-habitat of Kavaratti Atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 47(1) 77-82 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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