Halichoeres centiquadrus   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: NOAA's Historic Fisheries Collection

Size: 255 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens reddish brown above, light yellowish below, head above darker, more violet. The following pinkish chalky bands on head: One from snout to front border of eye; a second above it, running above eye to nape and here connected with that of the other side, or the bands of both sides are totally fused in to elongated inter orbital patch. Two bands from upper and hind border of eye, continued as rows of spots to below dorsal. A band from chin, where it meets that of the other side, crossing preopercle below eye, bent downwards at hind border of preopercle and with a branch on operculum, which may be united or not with another band, higher up on operculum. A creamy white patch below 4th and 5th dorsal spines, spreading also or fin. Behind it a black blotch, to below 8th spine and also extending on fin. Scales of body, excepting those before the creamy patch, and which have chalky pinkish spots as said before, with a dark brown vertical stripe, broader on back, narrow on sides and reduced to round spots on lower rows. Scales of belly with light spots as also those of thorax, where the spots may fuse into short bands. A second, much smaller creamy blotch may be present below 5th-6th dorsal spines and still another below end of dorsal. Anterior part of spinous part of dorsal as described creamy and dark brown. A light longitudinal band from 1st to 3rd spines. Rest of spinous dorsal and soft dorsal creamy, with vertical or oblique light bluish bands, with narrow dark margins. In younger specimens these bands anastomose and form rows of rings or ocelli. Anal with traces of longitudinal bands. Caudal with faint traces of vertical bands. Pectorals yellowish hyaline, with some chalky markings at base and a black axil. Ventral yellowish.

Height 2.7-3.1, 3.2-3.7 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.2, 3.7-3.8 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.1-1.3 in its length. Eye 5-7, 1.8-2.7 in snout and 1.6-1.8 in inter orbital space, which is much convex in adults, less so in young. Mouth horizontal. Maxillary reaching almost to below anterior nostril. Lips rather thick, plated, the inner plate crenulated. Pointed teeth in a single row in both jaws. Four canines in front of upper jaw, the middle pair longer, slightly curved and directed forwards, the outer pair curved outwards and backwards. Four canines anteriorly in the lower jaw, the median pair almost straight and directed forwards, the outer pair much shorter, but distinctly longer than the following teeth. A patch teeth on upper part of opercle, another on temporal region and two transverse rows behind and partly below eye. About 12 rows of scales before dorsal, the anterior ones, above hind border of eye, much smaller than the rest, pointed and partly imbedded in the skin. Similar small pointed scales on thorax, immediately behind isthmus. Gill membranes united, free from isthmus. Dorsal spine slender, but stiff and pungent. First spine equal to eye, last twice diameter of eye. Soft dorsal somewhat higher, the longest ray about as long as snout. Fins moderately pointed behind. First anal spine about equal to eye, third spine longest, not quite one eye diameter and a half. Spines stiff and pungent, slender. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals long, half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals, with the first ray produced, as long as head without snout. Caudal somewhat rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Labrus centiquadrus Lacepede 1802
Labrus hortulanus Lacepede
Sparus decussatus Bennett 1834
Halichoeres eximius Ruppell 1835
Julis hortulanus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Julis hortulanus Ruppell 1852
Julis (Halichoeres) hortulanus Bleeker 1852
Hemitautoga centiquadra Bleeker 1862
Platyglossus hortulanus Gunther 1862
Platyglossus hortulanus Klunzinger 1871
Platyglossus hortulanus Day 1877
Platyglossus (Hemitautoga) centiquadra Bleeker 1879
Platyglossus hortulanus Steindachner 1901
Halichoeres hortulanus Seale 1901
Hemitautoga centiquadra Waite 1901
Guntheria centiquadra Jordan and Evermann 1902
Halichoeres centiquadrus Jordan and Seale 1906
Halichoeres centiquadrus Jordan and Richardson 1908
Platyglossus hortulanus Gunther 1909
Platyglossus centriquadrus M. Weber 1913
Halichoeres centiquadrus McCulloch 1922
Halichoeres centriquadrus Fowler 1931
Halichoeres centriquadrus Fowler and Bean 1928
Halichoeres centriquadrus Fowler 1932
Halichoeres centiquadrus Herre 1936
Halichoeres centriquadrus Fowler 1938

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)

Literature Source(s)
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2005) Community organization of coral reef fishes in the rubble sub-habitat of Kavaratti Atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 47(1) 77-82 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • NOAA Photo Library Available at - http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/index.html
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-09

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