Apogon hyalosoma   Bleeker,  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 17 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish or brownish, lighter below. A large round black blotch near base of caudal, on lateral line. A black spot or stripe at end of base of anal, a similar spot often also at end of base of second dorsal. Sometimes both continued along the base of the whole fin and also that of first dorsal. A blackish spot on operculum may be present. Fin-membrane between second and third sine of dorsal blackish, sometimes only distinct in superior and inferior part of the membrane or only forming a black spot superiorly. Second dorsal and anal often somewhat dusky, especially anteriorly. Caudal slightly dusky. Ventrals and pectorals hyaline or with a dusky hew.

Dorsal profile arched, with a marked concavity at nape. Height 2.3-2.6, 2.9-3.4 in length with caudal. Head 2.3-2.4, 2.9-3.2 in length with caudal. Eye 3.2-4.2 according to size. Snout longer than eye in large specimens, equal to eye or even a little shorter than eye in small specimens. Interorbital space about three fourths of eye. Mouth oblique, lower jaw and especially chin, somewhat prominent. Maxillary reaching almost to below hindborder of eye, or not so far, its height posteriorly 1.5 in eye. Hind and lower border of praeoperculum feebly serrated, sometimes almost obsolete, serrations on the edge generally stronger but in old specimens they also may be very indistinct. Praeopercular ridge, praeorbital and orbital rim smooth. First dorsal spine one third or less than one third of second, which is stronger or much stronger than the others and somewhat less than eye and snout. Spine of second dorsal equal to third or to fourth spine of first dorsal and equal to snout and half diameter of eye together. Second anal spine somewhat shorter, equal to snout or a little longer than snout. Longest rays of soft dorsal somewhat longer than those of anal, equal to snout and eye and as long as pectorals, which are scarcely than ventrals. Caudal incised. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.2 or less in its length, about equal to postorbital part of head. Teeth small in jaws, in rather broad villiform bands, on vomer in several rows and in an indistinct double row on palatines.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Apogon thermalis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Apogon thermalis Bleeker, 1845
Apogon hyalosoma Gunther, 1859
Apogon hyalosoma Kner, 1867
Apogon hyalosoma Peters, 1869
Amia hyalosoma Bleeker, 1876
Apogon hyalosoma Day, 1878
Apogon hyalosoma Macleay, 1881
Apogon hyalosoma Perugia, 1893
Apogon hyalosoma Jatzow and Lenz, 1899
Amia hyalosoma Seale, 1910
Apogon hyalosoma Hora, 1924

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-26

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