Carcharhinus amboinensis   (Muller & Henle,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: Maximum about 280 cm, maturing at about 200 cm.

Color: Grey above, light below, tips of fins darker in young, fading in adults.

A medium to large, stout-bodied shark. Snout extremely short (usually shorter than distance between nostrils, and much shorter than mouth width), very broadly rounded; labial furrows very short; spiracles absent; nostrils with a low, broadly triangular anterior nasal flap; teeth in upper jaw triangular, with broad, heavy, serrated cusps, their outer edges nearly straight in anterior teeth but becoming increasingly concave in lateral teeth; cusps of lower teeth heavy, erect to slightly oblique with serrated edges, their bases strongly arched. First dorsal fin very high (its height 3.2 or more times that of second dorsal fin) with a pointed or slightly rounded apex, its origin a little in advance of insertions of pectoral fins; second dorsal fin low, with its inner margin about equal to fin height, its posterior margin nearly straight, and its origin slightly in front of anal fin; pectoral fins large, broad, with narrow, pointed tips. No dermal rime between dorsal fins.

Synonym (s)
Carcharhinus ambioensis (Müller & Henle, 1839)
Carcharias amboinensis Muller & Henle, 1839
Carcharias brachyrhynchos Bleeker, 1859
Carcharias henlei Bleeker, 1853
Carcharinus amboinensis (Muller & Henle, 1839)
Triaenodon obtusus Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Pigeye Shark (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish Traumatogenic; Meat for human consumption; fins for soup.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Prey:  Pelagic and demersal bony fishes, sharks and rays, squid, shrimps, cuttlefish, octopi, lobsters, gastropods and mammalian carrion


• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Gulf of Aden
• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009)

Literature Source(s)
  • Joshi, KK; Balachandran, K and Raje, SG (2008) Changes in the shark fishery at Cochin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 103-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-17

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