Squatina squatina   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Simon Rogerson

Size: Max length 183 cm TL male/unsexed; 244 cm TL (female); common length 150 cm TL male/unsexed

Max. weight reported: 80.0 kg

No ocelli on body. Dorsal spines (total): 0.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk. Size at birth about 24 to 30 cm, with 9-20 young in a litter. Full term embryos weighed 189-200 g; no egg capsules found around ova or embryos; a biannual repoductive cycle is likely the case for this species.

Synonym (s)
Squalraia acephala de la Pylaie, 1835
(Ambiguous synonym)
Squalraia cervicata de la Pylaie, 1835
(Ambiguous synonym)
Squalus squatina Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Squatina angelus Blainville, 1825
(Junior synonym)
Squatina angelus Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Squatina europaea Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Squatina laevis Cuvier, 1816
(Junior synonym)
Squatina lewis Couch, 1825
(Junior synonym)
Squatina vulgaris Risso, 1810
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish

Habitat:  Demersal
Prey:  Bony fishes, but also skates, crustaceans and mollusks
IUCN Status:  Critically Endangered


• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)

Literature Source(s)
  • Joshi, KK; Balachandran, K and Raje, SG (2008) Changes in the shark fishery at Cochin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 103-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org

Page last updated on:2010-05-11

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