Apogon frenatus   Valenciennes,  1832 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Guido T. Poppe & Philippe Poppe

Size: 14 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens yellowish brown, lighter and somewhat silvery below. A black brown lateral band from snout to caudal. Base of caudal with a dark spot or patch, either median or above the lateral line. the median band may be bordered by white or silvery above and below, generally more distinct on operculum and sometimes also on snout. A dark patch at base of second dorsal sometimes present. Membrane between anterior spines of first dorsal dark brown. Dorsal and anal often with a black longitudinal stripe at some distance of the base of the fins. Upper and lower border of caudal and membrane between first soft rays of ventral dark. Pectorals hyaline.

Rather elongate, dorsal profile sloping gently from dorsal to snout. Height 2.9-3.3, 3.6-4.2 in length with caudal. Head 2.4-2.7, 3.1-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 2.5-3, about two thirds eyediameter apart and a little more than snout. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching almost to below middle of eye. Two vertical rows of large scales on praeoperculum, which is denticulated along its hind and lower border. praeopercular ridge denticulated. Lower orbital rim with strong denticulations. Praeorbital smooth. Conical teeth in several rows in the jaws, a single or incomplete double row on vomer and on anterior part of palatines. First dorsal spine minute, second one about half as long as third one, which is sronger than the other spines but not much longer than the fourth one and scarcely less than snout and eye. Spine of second dorsal equal to fifth of first dorsal and also to eye. Second anal spine shorter, about equal to snout. Longest soft rays of anal shorter than those of dorsal, which are equal to eye and snout. Origin of anal below middle of second dorsal. Pectorals a little longer than eye and snout together, ventrals a little shorter. Caudal forked, the lobes rather pointed. Least height of caudal peduncle about 1.5 in its length and equal to postorbital part of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Apogon vittiger Bennett, 1833
Apogon vittiger Telfair, 1835
Apogon kallopterus Bleeker, 1856
Apogon frenatus Gunther, 1859
Amia vittigera Bleeker, 1865
Apogon frenatus Klunzinger, 1870
Apogon frenatus Gunther, 1875
Amia kallopterus Bleeker, 1876
Apogon frenatus Day, 1878
Apogon (Pristiapogon) frenatus Klunzinger, 1884
Apogon snyderi Jordan and Evermann, 1904
Amia snyderi Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Amia fraenata Evermann and Seale, 1906
Amia frenata Steindachner, 1906
Amia snyderi Jordan and Evermann, 1906
Amia kalloptera Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Apogon vittiger Tate Regan, 1908
Apogon frenatus Kendall and Goldsborough, 1911
Amia exostigma Kendall and Radcliffe, 1912
Apogon frenatus M. Weber, 1913
Amia bifasciata Fowler and Bean, 1922

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Bait fish)



• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • poppeimages Available at - http://www.poppe-images.com/
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-28

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