Therapon puta [Status Unaccepted]   Cuvier,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

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Size: 16.5 cm.

Color: Grayish green or brownish above, lighter below, 4 nearly straight longitudinal dark stripes along the sides of the body, the first, which may be wanting, runs along base of spinous dorsal, commencing somewhat before it, the second from eye to end of dorsal, the third from snout through eye to caudal, continued to its hind border, the fourth, which may be absent, from below eye or from pectoral nearly to base of caudal or to lower part of caudal peduncle. Caudal with 2 oblique bars on the lobes. Usually a dark blotch between third to seventh dorsal spine, an other on front top of soft dorsal.

Elongate, height 3.3 to nearly 4 in length, head 3.2-3.6, with the rostro-dorsal profile nearly straight, its vertex with bony ridges. Eye 3.2-3.7 in head, its diameter somewhat longer than or equal to length of snout and inter orbital spaces. Nostrils distant, their distance longer than their own length. Praeorbital inconspicuously serrate. Jaws equal, maxillary reaching to about front border of eye. Praeoperculum on the short posterior margin with increasing in size downward, the two inferior at the rounded angle strong and enlarged, lower limb with small denticles, operculum with 2 spines, the lower much the longer, produced beyond the opercular lobe. Coracoid and exposed suprascapular bone moderately denticulate. about 10-13 scales between lateral line and middle of spinous dorsal. Teeth in jaw in villiform bands, the outer series enlarged, none on vomer and palatines. Spinous portion of dorsal deeply notched, the penultimate spine much shorter than the ultimate, all the spines rather slender, the 4th to 6th the longest, the fifth nearly equal to or longer than first ray, which is the longest of the soft portion, and which is angulate posteriorly and has the margin nearly straight. Anal with the second and third spine subequal. Both fins with a low scaly sheath. Caudal emarginate with acute lobes. Pectorals and ventrals acute.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Therapon puta Curvier, 1836
Therapon puta Bleeker, 1849
Therapon trivittatus Gunther, 1859
Therapon trivittatus Kner, 1867
Therapon ghebul Klunzinger, 1870
Therapon (Datnia) trivittatus Bleeker, 1873
Therapon (Datnia) puta Bleeker, 1876
Therapon puta Day, 1888
Therapon trivittatus Macleay, 1881
Autisthes argenteus de Vis, 1884
Therapon puta Klunzinger, 1884
Terapon puta Jordan and Seale, 1907
Therapon puta M. Weber, 1913
Therapon puta Ogilby and McCulloch, 1916
Therapon puta Chaudhuri, 1923
Therapon puta Fowler, 1928
Therapon puta Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Autisthes puta Munro, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Galikooru
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-28

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