Lutjanus fulviflamma   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Field, R.

Size: 28-35 cm.

Color: Generally whitish or light brown, darker on the upper portion of the side and head. A series of six or seven horizontal yellow stripes runs on the side, mainly below the lateral line. The belly, most of the caudal peduncle, and fins are yellowish. A prominent black spot is on the lateral line below the first few soft dorsal fin rays. Juveniles with a black stripe over snout and through the eye, and a round to elongated black side spot. Adult with a more elongated side-spot and reduced in size proportionally to total length and several yellow lines along lower sides.

Dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital bone about equal in width to eye diameter or slightly less. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Height 2.6-2.9, 3.3-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.9, 3.3-3.6 in length with caudal. Eye 3.9-4.4, 1.1-1.5 in snout and more than nearly flat inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Maxillary reaching to below middle of eye. Small teeth in a narrow band in jaws, with an outer series of distinct caninoids those in front part of upper jaw and sides of lower jaw larger and fang-like. Small teeth on vomer in a triangular patch with a posterior prolongation. Sometimes the base of this prolongation is as long as that of the triangle, forming together a diamond-shaped patch. Palatine teeth small in oval patches. Scales on occiput beginning behind or above hind order of eye. Temporal region naked. Six transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Upper and lower preopercular limd without scales. Posterior and inferior border of preoperculum rather feebly denticulate. Preopercular notch very shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line oblique, ascending to dorsal profile, parallel to axis of body below it. About 55-62 transverse rows of scales above, and about 45-50 rows below lateral line. Dorsal spines not very strong. First spine half as long as, or somewhat shorter than second, which is more or much more than half length of third. Fourth spine longest and about equal to postorbital part of head. Soft dorsal somewhat rounded, less high than spinous part. First anal spine somewhat less than second, which is somewhat stronger but scarcely longer than third and equal to snout, and not much shorter than somewhat rounded soft anal. Pectorals half length of snout than head. Ventrals as long as snout and eye together. Ventral spine as long as snout. Caudal slightly emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Max. age reported: 23 years

Lutjanus fulviflamma differs from Lutjanus ehrenbergii by having the scale rows on its back rise obliquely above the lateral line.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Centropomus hober Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Lutjanus unimaculatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion aureovittatus Macleay, 1879
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion aurolineatus Cuvier, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion terubuan Thiolliere, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Sciaena fulviflamma Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Perca fulviflamma Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Diacope fulviflamma Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Diacope fulviflamma Ruppell, 1828
Mesoprion fulviflamma Bleeker, 1852
Mesoprion fulviflamma Gunther, 1859
Mesoprion fulviflamma Kner, 1865
Diacope fulviflamma Klunzinger, 1870
Lutjanus fulviflamma Day, 1888
Lutjanus fulviflamma Bleeker, 1873
Mesoprion fulviflamma Klunzinger, 1884
Lutjanus fulviflamma Sauvage, 1891
Lutijanus fulviflamma Steindachner, 1896
Lutianus fulviflamma Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Lutianus fuscescens Seale, 1906
Lutianus fulviflamma Bean and Weed, 1912
Lutjanus fulviflamma McCulloch, 1915
Lutjanus fulviflamma Fowler and Bean, 1922
Lutianus fulviflamma Barnard, 1927
Lutianus fulviflamma McCulloch, 1919
Lutjanus fulviflamma Fowler, 1928
Lutianus fulviflamma (Forsskal, 1775)
Lutjanus fulviflama (Forsskal, 1775)
Lutjanus fulviflammus (Forsskal, 1775)
(Spelling Variation)

Common Name (s)
• Blackspot Snapper (English)
• Humpback Red Snapper (English)
• Chembali (Kannada)
• Luggambanda (Mahl)
• Pahari (Malayalam)
• Chutton (Malayalam)
• Murumeen (Malayalam)
• Chuttommetti (Malayalam)
• Chenganni (Tamil)
• Patani Keeli (Tamil)
• Cheppili (Tamil)
• Paruthivala Meen (Tamil)
• Nethiprion (Tamil)
• Paruthikanni (Tamil)
• Vekkattai (Tamil)
• Karuvalai (Tamil)
• Thokkal (Tamil)
• Karva (Tamil)
• Kaliviyya (Telugu)
• Thundava (Telugu)
• Rangu (Telugu)
• Dory Snapper (English)
• Black snapper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium, Ornamental fish.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, shrimps, crabs and other crustaceans


• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-16

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