Pomadasys kaakan   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 80 cm; common to 50 cm.

Color: Generally silvery with a golden tint on the sides; the upper operculum olive-yellow; the snout dusky, overlain with yellow. Young specimens have 7-11 vertical bands on the upper sides; older ones with bands formed by spots aligned in vertical rows.

Body oblong and compressed, its depth contained 2.5 to 2.8 times in standard length. Head blunt, its upper profile convex; mouth small, lips moderately thick; upper jaw reaching to level of anterior eye margin; teeth in jaws small, pointed, in narrow bands, the outer series enlarged; two pores and a median pit on chin. Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 13 or 15 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 7 or 8 soft rays. Scales moderate, ctenoid (rough to touch). Lateral line slightly arched.

Synonym (s)
Pomadasys hasta (non Bloch, 1790)
(Misapplied name)
Pomadasys nageb (Ruppell, 1838)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pristipoma kaakan Cuvier, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Pomadasys nageb (Ruppell, 1835)
Pristipoma hasta (not Bloch, 1797)

Common Name (s)
• Javelin Grunter (English)
• Javelin Grunt
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, also salted; aquaculture, gamefish, ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic and planktonic crustaceans, worms, amphipods, stomatopods, planktonic copepods, fishes
Predator:  Carcharhinus limbatus (shark)


• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Khan, SA; Ramesh, S and Lyla, PS (2008) Diversity of coral reef fishes in cuddalore waters, south-east coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 55(3) 221-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-11-30

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