Hydrophis spiralis   (Shaw,  1802) (Marine Snake)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family:Elapidae

Image copyrights: Anya Ratnayaka

Description
Size: Total length reaches at least 260 cm.


Synonym (s)
Hydrus spiralis Shaw, 1802
Leioselasma spiralis (Shaw, 1802)

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Sea Snake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This species is known to be caught as bycatch in trawl fisheries. It is not known how this might be affecting the population)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy
Prey:  Finfishes, eels
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.03) (Long: 74.55) INDIA (Record: 05/2006) (Depth: -(10-15) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai (Lat: 11.83) (Long: 79.80) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Damotharan, P; Arumugam, M; Vijayalakshmi, S and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Diversity, Biology and ecology of sea snakes (Hydrophiidae)distributed along the Parangipettai coast, southeast coast of India International journal of current research 4 62-69 Available at - http://www.journalcra.com/?q=node/176
  • Padmanaban, P; Venkatraman, C; Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C. A checklist of Sea Snakes (Reptilia) of India Zoological Survey of India Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/India%20Sea%20Snake.pdf
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/

Page last updated on:2013-02-28

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