Dipterygonotus leucogrammicus   Bleeker,  1849 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 3-10 cm.

Color: In alcohol grayish above, silvery below, back with 3 whitish longitudinal bands.

Height 4.5-5 in length, head about 4, conical, eyes 3 or somewhat more in head, with a very narrow adipose eyelid, its diameters nearly equal to inter-orbital space, snout shorter, when protruded nearly equal to half length of head. Nostrils distant, the anterior conspicuously tubular, the posterior quite near vertical through front border of eye. Maxillary rounded posteriorly, naked, reaching below front border of eye. Prae-orbital elongate, its border convex, above corner of mouth strongly narrowed. Praeoperculum with the hind border nearly vertical, entire, the rounded angle finely denticulate, operculum with a flat spine. Dorsal as described in genus, the second, third and fourth spine the longest, about 1 1/2 times in height of body, the 4 posterior isolated spine very short, soft-rayed portion of dorsal, lower and much shorter than spinous portion. First spine of anal short, the second and third longer and subequal. Pectorals pointed, about to head without snout. Ventrals below middle of pectorals, slightly longer than postocular part of head. Caudal deeply incised, equalling about postocular length of head.

Remarks: Values in above descriptions denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Emmelichthys leucogrammicus Bleeker, 1850
Erythrichthys leucogrammicus Gunther, 1859
Dipterygonotus leucogrammicus Bleeker, 1877
Erythrichthys leucogrammicus Johnstone, 1904
Emmelichthys leucogrammicus Evermann and Seale, 1906
Emmelichthys leucogrammicus M. Weber, 1913
Emmelichthys leucogrammicus de Beaufort, 1913
Dipterygonotus leucogrammicus Chabanaud, 1924
Dipterygonotus leucogrammicus Bleeker, 1849

Common Name (s)
• Kura
• Redbait
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used as bait in the tuna fishery)



• Lakshadweep, Suheli Par INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Cheriyapanniyam INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pillai, PP; Gopakumar, G and Said Koya, KP (2002) Spatial distribution pattern and biology of tuna live-bait fishes in Lakshadweep Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 231-236 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Pillai, PP; Mohan, RSL; Murty, VS and Gopakumar, G (1989) Live-bait resources and development Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 39-45 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Varghese, G and Shanmugham, P (1983) The status of tuna fishery in Agatti island in Lakshadweep Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of india 25(1&2) 190-201 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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