Spratelloides gracilis   (Schlegel,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: 28-60 mm TL

Lateral body shape elongated. Maxilla toothed, triangular pre-maxillae, 2 supra-maxillae, second supra-maxilla asymmetrical (lower part larger than upper part), vertical striae on scales not meeting at center; W-shaped pelvic scute; few branchiostegal rays (6 or 7). Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12-13.


Synonym (s)
Clupea argyrotaeniata Bleeker, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Clupea gracilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
(Senior synonym)
Spratelloides atrofasciatus Schultz, 1943
(Junior synonym)
Spratelloides gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Striped Round Herring (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or dried-salted. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton
Predator:  Fishes (Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus, Fistularia commersonii)

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Suheli Par INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• Lakshadweep, Baliyapaniyam INDIA (Record: 01/1988-02/1988)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pillai, PP; Gopakumar, G and Said Koya, KP (2002) Spatial distribution pattern and biology of tuna live-bait fishes in Lakshadweep Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 231-236 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Proceeding of the national conference on tunas (1989) Present status of tuna fisheries of Lakshadweep Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5096/
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-11

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