Acropora retusa   (Dana,  1846) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description

Colonies are flat plates with short thick digitate branchlets. Corallites have thick rounded walls and wide openings. Axial corallites are indistinct. Radial corallites are appressed, becoming nariform near branch ends.


Colour: Brown.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Predator:  Acanthaster planci, the crown-of-thorns starfish
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valimunai INDIA (Record: 09/2004-06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.2) INDIA (Record: 03/2005-05/2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • Sukumaran, S; George, RM and Kasinathan, C (2008) Community structure and spatial patterns of hard coral biodiversity in Kilakarai group of islands in Gulf of Mannar, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 79-86 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Botany University of Hawai'i at Manoa Available at - http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/
  • Sukumaran, S; George, RM and Kasinathan, C (2007) Biodiversity and community structure of coral reefs around Krusadai Island, Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 54(3) 275-282 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/view/6940/2673
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-22

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