Mobula diabolus [Status Unaccepted]   (Shaw,  1804) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: he Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 572-1674 mm

Weight: 14-44 kg

Color: Dark greenish brown above, whitish below.

Head free from pectoral fins, truncate in front and broadly flattened. Cephalic portion of pectoral fins projects forward in front of eye as a fleshy flap on each side, curled outwards and separated from one another by a little more than its length. Head from tip of cephalic ‘horn’ to hind margin of spiracle 3.7 in length of disc. Spiracles small, about 0.3 in eye. Length of disc 1.6 in its width. Width of head 2.6 in length of disc. Mouth ventral, wide and almost straight. About 50 bands of small, tubercle-like teeth extending nearly to the angle of the mouth could be distinguished in the upper jaw. Rows of similar teeth more numerous in lower jaw. Nasal flaps very broad. Dorsal fin at base of tail, triangular, opposite to ventrals. Tail without serrated spine, twice length of disc in the embryo. Body smooth.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Raja diabolus Shaw, 1804
Dicerobatis eregoodoo Day, 1878
Mobula diabolus Smith, 1949
Dicerobatis eregoodoo (Cuvier) : Day, 1878
Dicerobatis kuhlii (Muller & Henle) : Day, 1878
Mobula diabolus Misra, 1969
Mobula kuhlii Misra, 1969
Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd) : Misra, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Devil Ray (English)
• Kottar
• Pigmy Devil Ray (English)
• Eregoodoo Tenkee (Telugu)
• Yeliki (Tamil)
• Komun Tiriki (Tamil)
• Wagla (Kannada)
• Shing Pakat (Marathi)
• Mhorcha (Marathi)
• Lesser Devil Ray (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Coastal


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 10/1999-11/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 12/2008)
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sujatha, K (2002) Batoid fishes off Visakhapatnam, north east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 155-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at -
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Elasmobranch Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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