Gymnura zonurus   (Bleeker)  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Size: 17-29 cm disc width

Color: Dorsal surface of disc olive green, minutely and closely speckled with dark dots, boldly marked with large round or irregular spots of greenish-yellow and often joined together by irregular lines and blotches of same color, sometimes ocellate; tail faintly barred.

Disc about 2 times as broad as long, markedly flattened dorso-ventrally. Snout with a small apical projection. Spiracles open upwards, no tentacle in its posterior angle. Tail whip-like, 1.8 times in length of disc, without upper cutaneous fold but occasionally with a low cutaneous fold on ventral side; a minute serrated caudal spine usually present. Small dorsal fin present at base of tail. Mouth wide and transverse, without buccal processes on floor of mouth. Teeth minute, numerous, in broad bands. Skin smooth.

Synonym (s)
Aetoplatea zonurus Bleeker 1852
Gymnura (Aetoplatea) zonurus Misra 1969

Common Name (s)
• Bleeker's Butterfly Ray (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial



• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 00/10/1999-00/11/2000)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1984)
• INDIA (Record: 1984)

Literature Source(s)
  • Sujatha, K (2002) Batoid fishes off Visakhapatnam, north east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 155-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-23

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