Achirus hartzfeldii   Bleeker  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 13 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens purplish brown, with wavy anastomosing lighter lines, which surround irregular darker spots or rings. Eight large ocelli, consisting of two concentric dark rings, surrounded by a light area, in two rows, one along base of dorsal and the other along base of anal. Sometimes a row of similar acelli on lateral line. Vertical fins with blackish spots and stripes.

Height 2.5-2.8, 2.9-3.3 in length with caudal. Head 3.8-4, 4.3-4.6 in length with caudal. Upper eye more than half its length in advance of lower one, separated by a scaly flat interspace, which is three fifths or two thirds of diameter of eye. Anterior nostril on colored side a rather wide short tube, a short distance before lower eye, on the blind side the anterior nostril consists of a thick fleshy tube, the upper border surrounded by fringes and the lumen partly filled up with a spongy tissue. The posterior nostril of this side is a short simple tube. Mouth very strongly arched, ending below anterior half of eye. The snout is curved hook-like over the mouth. Dorsal beginning on hook of snout, below upper eye, its rays subequal and somewhat shorter than that of anal. Anal and dorsal rays simple, those of caudal divided and scaly. Scales strongly ctenoid on both sides. Base of left ventral somewhat shorter than that of right one, which reaches from gillopening to anus.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Aseraggodes hartzfeldi Kaup 1858
Solea hartzfeldii Gunther 1862
Solea oculus Alcock 1889
Achirus hartzfeldii Evermann and Seale 1906

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1929)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

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