Himantura jenkinsii   (Annandale,  1909) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P.

Size: 20 cm- 100 cm; 20-104 cm disc width

Color: Dorsal side of the disc yellowish brown. Ventral side white. Tail uniformly dark grey.

Disc rhomboid, pectoral fin apex rounded, snout broadly triangular and snout tip lightly pointed. Eye and spiracle length more than 2 times the preorbital snout length. A dense band of spindle-like denticles starting between the eyes and covering the mid-disc and all surfaces of tail. A long row of large thorns from the interbranchial area to sting insertion, with some marginal thorns less developed in frontal and distal part of the row. Tail relatively long, slightly longer than the disc. One sting present. No skin folds on tail. Pelvic fins small.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialized structures. Distinct pairing with embrace.

Synonym (s)
Dasyatis imbricatus (non Smith, 1952)
(Misapplied name)
Dasyatis jenkinsii (Annandale, 1909)
(Senior synonym)
Trygon jenkinsii Annandale, 1909
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Sharpnose Stingray (English)
• Senthirukkai (Tamil)
• Jenkins Whipray (English)
• Brown Stingray (English)
• Pointed-Nose Stingray (English)
• Golden Whip Ray (English)
• Rough-Back Stingray (English)
• Jenkis' Sting Ray (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, utilized for its meat, skin (very high value) and cartilage.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on fish, prawns, crabs, Squilla, Thenus sp., and polychaetes
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 10/1999-11/2000)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 10/1991-12/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 2002-2007)
• Orissa, Ganjam Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sujatha, K (2002) Batoid fishes off Visakhapatnam, north east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 155-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Moron, J; Bertrand, B and Last, P (1998) A check-list of sharks and rays of western Sri Lanka Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 40(1&2) 142-157 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Mohanraj, G; Batcha, TH and Rajapackiam, S (2010) Ray fishery by trawlers off Chennai and some aspects of biology of the scaly whipray Himantura imbricata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin 52(1) 92-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5841/1/12._Sho.pdf
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

Back to Search