Panchax panchax   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 5.5 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens brownish, lighter below, each scale with a submarginal black border. A silvery shining spot on middle of occiput, just behind eye, not always visible in preserved specimens. Dorsal with a black bloch at its base. Anal and caudal more or less spotted with blackish. Paired fins hyaline.

Compressed behind, head depressed, flattened above as well as the anterior part of back. Height 4.5-5.5, 5.5-7 in length with caudal. Head 3-3.5, 3.8-4.5 in length with caudal. Eye about 3.5, somewhat shorter than snout, which is equal to postorbital part of head and to interorbital space. Cleft of mouth not quite extending to vertical through frontborder of eye. Lower jaw slightly prominent. Small pointed teeth in several rows in the jaws, smaller ones in an irregular transverse series on head of vomer. Origin of dorsal above 13th to last anal ray, separated by 24-26 scales from snout. Origin of ventrals scarcely nearer to tip of snout than to base of caudal. Pectorals as long as or somewhat longer than head without snout.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Esox panchax Hamilton Buchanan, 1822
Panchax Buchanani Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846
Panchax panchax Cantor, 1850
Panchax melanotopterus Bleeker, 1850
Panchax Buchanani Bleeker, 1853
Panchax Buchanani Bleeker, 1860
Haplochilus panchax Gunther, 1866
Haplochilus panchax Day, 1888
Panchax panchax Chaudhuri, 1916
Panchax panchax Weber and de Beaufort, 1922

Common Name (s)
• Inchamas
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Bait fish)



• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA (Record: 1922)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-09-28

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