Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus   (Bleeker,  1857) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Honeycutt, K

Size: 40 cm TL

Color: Brownish in color, usually with small spots on trunk

Dorsal spines (total): 0, dorsal soft rays (total): 24 - 32, anal spines: 0, anal soft rays: 4. Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous. Lateral trunk ridge confluent with inferior tail ridge. Trunk rings 21–24, tail rings 55–63. Snout is arcuate in sub adults and adults.

Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Synonym (s)
Ichthyocampus annulatus Macleay, 1878
(Junior Synonym)
Ichthyocampus maculatus Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
(Junior Synonym)
Syngnathus bicoarctatus Bleeker, 1857
(Senior synonym)
Syngnathus brevicaudus Castelnau, 1875
(Junior Synonym)
Syngnathus zanzibarensis Gunther, 1867
(Junior Synonym)
Trachyramphus bicoarctata (Bleeker, 1857)
Yozia bicoarctata (Bleeker, 1857)
(Senior synonym)
Yozia bicoarctata erythraeensis Dollfus & Petit, 1938
(Junior Synonym)
Yozia bicoarctata melanesiae Fowler, 1945
(Junior Synonym)
Yozia bioarctata (Bleeker, 1857)
Yozia compitalis Whitley, 1950
(Junior Synonym)
Yozia compitalis samaraiensis Kahsbauer, 1970
(Junior Synonym)
Yozia wakanourae Jordan and Snyder, 1901
(Junior Synonym)
Ypzia bicoarctata (Bleeker, 1857)
Trachyramphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker, 1857)
Trachyrhamphus bioarctatus (Bleeker, 1857)

Common Name (s)
• Double-ended Pipefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Sold live as ornamnetals and are an essential ingredient in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).)
Threats:  Anthropogenic

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Fishes, benthic crustaceans


• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murugan, A; Dhanya, S; Rajagopal, S and Balasubramanian, T (2008) Seahorses and pipefishes of the Tamil Nadu coast Current Science 95 (2) 253-260 Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-25

Back to Search