Hippocampus fuscus   Ruppell,  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Syngnathiformes
Family:Syngnathidae

Image copyrights: Ernest W.T. Cooper, TRAFFIC North America

Description
Color: Black to yellow

Maximum recorded adult height: 14.4 cm
Trunk rings: 11
Tail rings: 34 (33–37)
Rings supporting dorsal fin: 2 trunk rings and 1 tail ring
Dorsal fin rays: 16 (14–17)
Pectoral fin rays: 15 (14–16)
Coronet: Low; arch of neck is a smooth curve or is slightly raised and rough
Spines: Low, smooth or slightly developed

Large head with a smooth body. Spines low. Coronet raised. Rough crest, cheek and eye spines low.

Found in pairs in captivity; sexually monogamous in captivity; egg diameter averages 1.7 mm. Gestation duration averages 14 days; length at birth averages 7.5 mm; maximum reported brood size 150.

Similar species: H. borboniensis, H. hippocampus, H. kuda



Synonym (s)
Hippocampus brachyrhynchus Duncker, 1914
Hippocampus natalensis von Bonde, 1924

Common Name (s)
• Sea Pony (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Dried for traditional medicine and curios; live for aquarium or hobbyist use.)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• BAHRAIN
• COMOROS
• IRAN
• KENYA
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• OMAN
• PAKISTAN
• QATAR
• SEYCHELLES
• SOMALIA
• SOUTH AFRICA
• YEMEN
• TANZANIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Murugan, A; Dhanya, S; Rajagopal, S and Balasubramanian, T (2008) Seahorses and pipefishes of the Tamil Nadu coast Current Science 95 (2) 253-260 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/jul252008/253.pdf
  • Lourie, SA; Foster, SJ; Cooper, EWT and Vincent, ACJ (2004) A guide to the identification of Seahorses Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America. Washington D.C.: University of British Columbia and World Wildlife Fund. 1-114 Available at - http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca

Page last updated on:2011-05-24

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