Atherina forskali   Ruppell  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 13 cm.

Color: Sides of head and lower surface of body silvery, not sharply defined from the broad silvery lateral band, the upper part of which shows an indistinct dark band. Above it the scales have broad brown borders and brown points. Fins dusky, usually more pronounced on hindborder of caudal, upper half of pectorals often with blackish points. Upper surface of head more or less blackish as also ventral border of lower jaw.

Compressed, its greatest breadth about 1 1/2 times in its height. Height 4.7 to 6.4 times in total length, according to size. Head 4.3 to 4.9 in total length, pointed, its upper surface flattened but slightly convex in interorbital part, wherefrom it is decidedly declivous to point of snout. Mouth comparatively large, the jaws equal, the maxillary reaching to below pupil or nearly so. Snout much shorter than eye, more or less than 4 times in head. Eye 2.5-2.7, about equal to postorbital part of head and to interorbital space. Origin of first dorsal opposite to 15th, by exception to 16th scale, midway or somewhat nearer to root of caudal than to frontborder of eye, its vertical much nearer to anal than to base of ventrals, and about 2 scales behind anus. Origin of second dorsal opposite to 24th to 26th, usually to 25th scale and to about end of anterior third of anal, its distance from origin of first dorsal contained 1.3 to 1.6 in head. Both fins are separated by 6 to 8, usually 7 interdorsal scales. Distance of origin of second dorsal from caudal equal to or longer than head. Length of caudal peduncle, measured dorsally, shorter than distance from point of snout to hindborder of eye, about twice in length of head. Pectorals 5.3 to 6.5 in total length, their tips reaching 8th, 9th or usually 10th scale. Anus opposite to 12th or 14th, usually to 13th scale, situated between tips of ventrals or immediately behind their end, about 2 scales before vertical through first dorsal. Scales entire or somewhat sinuated, about 18 to 20 between first dorsal and head, a very large and rounded one on interorbital space, behind it a longitudinal one on nape. About 20 gillrakers on lower limb of first arch, the longest about equal to half length of eye. Teeth in rather broad bands on jaws, pterygoids, palatines and vomer.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Atherina Forskalii Ruppell 1835
Atherina forskali Cantor 1850
Atherina lacunosa Bleeker 1853
Atherina pinguis Bleeker 1860
Atherina forskalii Gunther 1861
Atherina pinguis Klunzinger 1870
Atherina forskali Day 1888
Atherina Forskalii Klunzinger 1884
Atherina Forskalii Seale 1910
Atherina Forskali Max Weber 1913
Atherina forskali Jordan and Hubbs 1917
Atherina forskali Max Weber 1912

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1922)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

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