Mugil speigleri [Status Unaccepted]   Bleeker,  1859 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 22.5 cm.

Color: Silvery, greyish along the back, a dark spot at upper edge of base of caudal, extremity of median fins dusky.

Rostro-dorsal profile more or less convex. Height about equal to head, 4.2 to more than 5 in length, caudal included. Eye 3.4-3.8 in length of head, which is rather obtuse and twice or somewhat less in postorbital part of head, gelatinous membrane anteriorly and posteriorly well developed. Interorbital part of head slightly convex, more than 2 1/2 times in length of head. Snout obtuse, convex, shorter than eye. Praeorbital bone scaly, rather small, not curved or emarginate. Maxillary visible, exceeding posterior margin of praeorbital, the denticulation of which is nearly invisible. Symphysial knob nearly simple. Origin of first dorsal separated by about 20 praedorsal scales from snout, much nearer to end of snout than to base of caudal and opposite to 12th lateral scale. Dorsal spines moderately strong, about equal to length of postorbital part of head, about as high as second dorsal, which is lower than anal, the base of which is much longer than second dorsal. Both fins are covered by small scales and deeply concave. Origin of second dorsal opposite to 25th-26th lateral scale and to first third of anal, the origin of which is opposite to 23rd or 24th lateral scale. Caudal emarginate with acute angles. Pectorals about equal to length of head or in adult somewhat longer, surpassing origin of first dorsal, their pointed axillary scale is nearly half length of the fin and equal to axillary scale of ventrals, which is strongly pointed. Least height of caudal peduncle about 1 1/2 times in its length and twice or more than twice in length of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mugil speigleri Bleeker, 1860
Mugil speigleri Gunther, 1861
Mugil speigleri Day, 1888

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Prey:  diatoms like Coscinodiscus, Fragilaria, Pleurosigma, Rhizosolenia, Cyclotella, etc., and other algas and copepods


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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