Halocyphina villosa   Kohlmeyer & E. Kohlmeyer,  1965 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order:Agaricales
Family:Niaceae

Image copyrights: Rani, C and Panneerselvam, A

Description
Basidiomata 330-540 µm high, 260-410 µm diameter at the apex, turbinate or clavate, cyphelloid, whitish or yellowish, pedunculate, soft, thin-walled, eventually funnel shaped or cupulose, superficial, tomentose, gregarious. Peridium composed of closely packed, hyaline, rarely branched hyphae with thin walls and rare clamp connections; external hairs simple or dichotomously branched near the tip, hyaline. Hymenium covered by a network of hyphae through which at maturity basidiospores are pushed to the outside.
Basidia 15-20 x 5.-7.5 µm, 0-septate, hyaline, four-spored, clavate or cylindrical with a narrow base, with 2 to four evanescent sterigmata.
Basidiospores 7.5-9 x 6.5-7.5 µm, 1-celled, hyaline, subglobose, smooth, non-amyloid, accumulating at maturity in the opening of the basidiocarp.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kavvai Backwater INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Valapattanam Mangrove Forest INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Tellicherry INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Muzhappilangad INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Vellikeel INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Kattampally INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Kadalundi Estuary (Lat: 11.07) (Long: 75.81) INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Kerala, Kadalundi Estuary (Lat: 11.14) (Long: 75.9) INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater (Lat: 11.99) (Long: 75.11) INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater (Lat: 12.07) (Long: 75.26) INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Kerala, North Malabar Coast INDIA (Record: 11/2004-01/2005)
• Kerala, Chettuva Backwater INDIA (Record: 12/2006, 03/2007)
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 06/2007)
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 05/2005-05/2007)
• West Coast INDIA
• Kerala, North Malabar INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Karnataka, Udyavara Mangrove INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.23) (Long: 82.23) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.75) (Long: 82.33) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.83) (Long: 80.75) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.91) (Long: 80.83) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Karnataka, Nethravathi Mangrove (Lat: 12.83) (Long: 74.83) INDIA
• Kerala, North Malabar INDIA (Record: 07/2006-09/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Goa, Bambolim INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) Marine and manglicolous fungal diversity in the coastal wetlands of Kerala Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 30 107-111 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ng, PKL and Sivasothi, N (eds.) (2001) Guide to mangroves of Singapore Available at - http://mangrove.nus.edu.sg/guidebooks/contents.htm
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2009) Frequency and abundance of marine mycoflora in mangrove ecosystem of north Malabar, Kerala (India) Academic Journal of Plant Sciences IDOSI Publications 2(2) 65-68 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/ajps/2(2)09/2.pdf
  • Nambiar, GR; Pratheesh, PV and Raveendran, K (2006) Pokkali associated marine fungi of north Malabar region of Kerala coastal waters Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association and Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute 28(1) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2009) Marine mycoflora in backwater ecosystem of Kerala, India The Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises, Lucknow 30(5) 647-649 Available at - http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200909_sep09/paper_04.pdf
  • Sarma, VV (1999) Marine lignicolous fungi. A database on taxonomy NIO, Goa Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/fungi/index.htm
  • Borse, BD (1988) Frequency of occurrence of marine fungi from Maharashtra coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi 17 165-167 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vittal, BRP and Sarma, VV (2006) Diversity and ecology of fungi on mangroves of Bay and Bengal region - An overview Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 308-317 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/items-by-author?author=Vittal%2C+B.P.R.
  • Kandikere, RS (2009) Fungal diversity of Pichavaram mangroves, southeast coast of India Nature and Science Marsland Press 7(5) 67-75 Available at - http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/0705/09_0766_sridhar_Text_ns0705.pdf
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) A checklist of marine fungi from Kerala state, India American-Eurasian Journal of Botany IDOSI Publications 1(3) 73-77 Available at - www.idosi.org/aejb/1(3)08/2.pdf
  • Prasannarai, K and Sridhar, KR (2001) Diversity and abundance of higher marine fungi on woody substrates along the west coast of India Current science Current science association 81(3) 304-311 Available at - www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102001/304.pdf
  • Nambiar, GR; Raveendran, K and Jaleel, CA (2009) Marine mycoflora of south India with special emphasis on lignicolous marine fungi Frontiers of Biology in China Springer 4(4) 436-441 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11515-009-0048-z
  • Maria, GL; and Sridhar, KR (2003) Diversity of filamentous fungi on woody litter of five mangrove plant species from the southwest coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 14 109-126 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/14-9.pdf
  • Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia spp. from Godavari and Krishna deltas, east coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 5 23-41 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD_5_23-41.pdf
  • Sridhar, KR and Maria, GL (2006) Fungal diversity on mangrove woody litter Rhizophora mucronata (Rhizophoraceae) Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 318-325 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/1531/1/IJMS%2035%284%29%20318-325.pdf
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2009) Manglicolous Marine Fungi on Avicennia and Rhizophora along Kerala coast (India) Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research IDOSI Publications 4(1) 48-51 Available at - www.idosi.org/mejsr/mejsr4(1)/11.pdf
  • Rani, C and Panneerselvam, A (2009) Diversity of lignicolous marine fungi recorded from Muthupet environs, east coast of India ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN) 4(5) 1-6 Available at - http://www.arpnjournals.com/jabs/volume_09_2009.htm
  • Nambiar, RG and Raveendran, K (2009) Manglicolous marine fungi of Kerala (south India) Botany Research International IDOSI Publications 2 (3) 206-210 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/bri/2%283%2909/14.pdf
  • Sarma, VV; Hyde, KD and Vittal, BPR (2001) Frequency of occurrence of mangrove fungi from the east coast of India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 455 41-53 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n31v687x50x22l77/fulltext.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-15

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