Mugil longimanus   Gunther  1861 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 22.3 cm.

Color: Greenish above, silvery below. Base of pectorals superiorly with a diffuse dark mark.

Rostro-dorsal profile convex. Height somewhat more than length of head and 3.6-4 times in length and more or less than 5 times in length with caudal. Eye 3.6-3.8 in length of head and about twice the length of postorbital part, gelatinous membrane well developed, posteriorly covering the iris totally or nearly so. Interorbital space convex, nearly twice the length of the head. Snout convex, blunt, about equal to the diameter of eye. Praeorbital not or only slightly emarginate, conspicuously denticulate and squamate. Maxillary hidden when mouth is closed. Upper lip rather thick. Symphysial knob double. Origin of first dorsal slightly nearer to snout than to base of caudal or midway between them, opposite to 12th-14th lateral scale, separated by 18-19 praedorsal scales from snout. Dorsal spines moderate, with a long axillary scale below their base, lower than second dorsal and anal, which are emarginate and thickly covered by scales. Origin of second dorsal opposite to 21st-24th lateral scale, behind origin of anal, which is opposite to 19th-23rd lateral scale. Length of pectorals about equal to length of head, reaching at least to origin of first dorsal, provided with a long axillary scale, which goes about 2 1/2 times in length of fin. Ventrals also provided with a long pointed axillary scale. Caudal slightly emarginate, scaly at its base. Least height of caudal peduncle about 1 1/3 in its length and about equal to half length of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mugil cunnesius Bleeker 1852
Mugil cunnesius Bleeker 1859
Mugil cunnesius Bleeker 1860
Mugil longimanus Gunther 1861
Mugil Engeli Day 1865
Mugil cunnesius Day 1888
Mugil longimanus Steindachner 1879
Mugil longimanus Macleay 1884
Mugil cunnesius Waite 1904
Mugil longimanus Jordan and Seale 1907
Mugil longimanus Ogilby 1908
Mugil longimanus Mc Culloch 1921

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1922)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

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