Leptosphaeria australiensis   (Cribb et Cribb) Hughes,  1969 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Class: Dothideomycetes
Order:Pleosporales
Family:Leptosphaeriaceae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Ascomata 120-180 µm high, 100-200 µm diameter, immersed, coriaceous, papillate, ostiolate, obpyriform, fuscous or light colored at the base, light brown, solitary or gregarious. Papillae conical or subcylindrical, fuscous or almost hyaline; ostiolar canal lined with periphyses. Pseudoparaphyses septate, somewhat branched, persistent.
Asci 80-120 x 7.5-11 µm, 8-spored, pedunculate, thick walled when young and becoming relatively thin-walled later, clavate-fusiform, indistinctly bitunicate, with an apical apparatus.
Ascospores 19-26 x 5-7 µm, fusiform or clavate-fusiform or ellipsoidal, biseriate, 3- septate, constricted at the septa, hyaline.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Edakkad INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Kavvai Backwater INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Valapattanam Mangrove Forest INDIA (Record: 08/2005-12/2006)
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater (Lat: 11.99) (Long: 75.11) INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater (Lat: 12.07) (Long: 75.26) INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Kerala, Kadalundi Backwater INDIA (Record: 12/2006)
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 05/2005-05/2007)
• West Coast INDIA
• Kerala, North Malabar INDIA (Record: 06/2006-03/2007)
• Karnataka, Udyavara Mangrove INDIA (Record: 10/1999, 03/2000)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.23) (Long: 82.23) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.75) (Long: 82.33) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.83) (Long: 80.75) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.91) (Long: 80.83) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Karnataka, Nethravathi Mangrove (Lat: 12.83) (Long: 74.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) Marine and manglicolous fungal diversity in the coastal wetlands of Kerala Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 30 107-111 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2009) Frequency and abundance of marine mycoflora in mangrove ecosystem of north Malabar, Kerala (India) Academic Journal of Plant Sciences IDOSI Publications 2(2) 65-68 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/ajps/2(2)09/2.pdf
  • Sarma, VV (1999) Marine lignicolous fungi. A database on taxonomy NIO, Goa Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/fungi/index.htm
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2009) Marine mycoflora in backwater ecosystem of Kerala, India The Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises, Lucknow 30(5) 647-649 Available at - http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200909_sep09/paper_04.pdf
  • Borse, BD (1988) Frequency of occurrence of marine fungi from Maharashtra coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi 17 165-167 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vittal, BRP and Sarma, VV (2006) Diversity and ecology of fungi on mangroves of Bay and Bengal region - An overview Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 308-317 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/items-by-author?author=Vittal%2C+B.P.R.
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) A checklist of marine fungi from Kerala state, India American-Eurasian Journal of Botany IDOSI Publications 1(3) 73-77 Available at - www.idosi.org/aejb/1(3)08/2.pdf
  • Prasannarai, K and Sridhar, KR (2001) Diversity and abundance of higher marine fungi on woody substrates along the west coast of India Current science Current science association 81(3) 304-311 Available at - www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102001/304.pdf
  • Nambiar, GR; Raveendran, K and Jaleel, CA (2009) Marine mycoflora of south India with special emphasis on lignicolous marine fungi Frontiers of Biology in China Springer 4(4) 436-441 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11515-009-0048-z
  • Maria, GL; and Sridhar, KR (2003) Diversity of filamentous fungi on woody litter of five mangrove plant species from the southwest coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 14 109-126 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/14-9.pdf
  • Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia spp. from Godavari and Krishna deltas, east coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 5 23-41 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD_5_23-41.pdf
  • Sridhar, KR and Maria, GL (2006) Fungal diversity on mangrove woody litter Rhizophora mucronata (Rhizophoraceae) Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 318-325 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/1531/1/IJMS%2035%284%29%20318-325.pdf
  • Rani, C and Panneerselvam, A (2009) Diversity of lignicolous marine fungi recorded from Muthupet environs, east coast of India ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN) 4(5) 1-6 Available at - http://www.arpnjournals.com/jabs/volume_09_2009.htm
  • Nambiar, RG and Raveendran, K (2009) Manglicolous marine fungi of Kerala (south India) Botany Research International IDOSI Publications 2 (3) 206-210 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/bri/2%283%2909/14.pdf
  • Sarma, VV; Hyde, KD and Vittal, BPR (2001) Frequency of occurrence of mangrove fungi from the east coast of India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 455 41-53 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n31v687x50x22l77/fulltext.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-15

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