Mugil tade   Forsskal,  1775 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 32 cm.

Color: Olivaceous above, silvery below, generally with 5-7 indistinct dark longitudinal lines, corresponding to rows of scales.

Rostro-dorsal profile nearly straight, from crown of head to snout strongly declivous. Height according to size 4.2-5.2 in length, 5.1-6.7 in length with caudal. Head, the anterior part of which is depressed and pointed, 3.7-4 in length, 4.5-5.1 in length with caudal. Eye 3 in small, to 4.6 in full grown specimens, 1.5-2.5 or somewhat more in postorbital part of head. Posterior gelatinous eyelid covering at least half of iris. Interorbital space, which is nearly flat, 1.5 to 2.5 or somewhat more the diameter of the eye. Snout somewhat pointed, equal to, in full grown individuals longer than eye. Praeorbital emarginate, strongly curved, reaching far beyond corner of mouth with its posterior part, which is somewhat rounded, inferior and posterior margin denticulated. Maxillary visible when mouth is closed, reaching beyond angle of praeorbital. Upper lip more or less fleshy, its border ciliated (teeth). Symphysial knob single. Origin of first dorsal nearer to end of snout than to base of caudal, in small specimens about in the middle, opposite to 10th or 11th scale, separated from snout by about 19 praedorsal scales and slightly lower than second dorsal, the origin of which is opposite to 21st-23rd lateral scale and to about first anterior third of anal, both lastnamed fins are slightly concave and scaly. Caudal slightly emarginate. Pectorals reaching to 8th lateral scale, much shorter than head. Their axillary scale very short, that of the ventrals somewhat less than half the length of that fin. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.4-1.8 (in small specimens) in its length and twice or more in length of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mugil tade Forskal, 1775
Mugil planiceps Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil cephalotus Cantor, 1850
Mugil bontah Bleeker, 1853
Mugil bontah Bleeker, 1857
Mugil Dussumieri Bleeker, 1848
Mugil bontah Bleeker 1859
Mugil bontah Bleeker, 1860
Mugil belanak Gunther, 1861
Mugil planiceps Kner, 1867
Mugil tade Klunzinger, 1870
Mugil planiceps Day, 1888
Mugil tade Macleay, 1884
Mugil tade Day, 1889
Mugil belanak Vinciguerra, 1890
Mugil belanak Fowler, 1905
Mugil belanak Max Weber, 1908
Mugil planiceps Max Weber, 1913

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-04-07

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