Gyrosigma balticum   (Ehrenberg) Rabenhorst,  1853 (Diatom)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Bacillariophyceae
Order:Naviculales
Family:Pleurosigmataceae

Image copyrights: Plankton net

Description
Frustule long and rather straight, ends round, obtuse. Striae composed of rectangular crossings of distinct punctal, running horizontally and longitudinally. Central area oblique.


Synonym (s)
Navicula baltica Ehrenberg, 1835
(Basionym)
Pleurosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) W. Smith, 1835

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae

Biogeography


• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1979-10/1980)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary (Lat: 13.01) (Long: 80.28) INDIA (Record: 04/1998-03/1999)
• Kerala, Kadinamkulam Backwater INDIA (Record: 10/1991-09/1992)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.28) (Long: 86.70) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Estuary INDIA (Record: 04/1995-01/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin (Lat: 8.71) (Long: 78.2) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1970-1972)
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangroves (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.66) INDIA (Record: 11/2001-10/2002, 04/2002-05/2002)
• Kerala, Azheekode INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kaduviyar estuary INDIA (Record: 10/2005-09/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Rushikulya Estuary (Lat: 19.37) (Long: 85.05) INDIA (Record: 11/01/1989-12/01/1989)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA (Record: 1984-1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedaranyam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.39) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-03/2010)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedaranyam (Lat: 10.82) (Long: 79.88) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-03/2010)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattumavadi INDIA (Record: 04/2002-03/2003)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Chandrasekaran, VS (2000) Relationship between plankton and finfish and shellfish juveniles in Pichavaram mangrove waterways, south east coast of India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 199-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Plankton*Net Data Provider at the Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10013/de.awi.planktonnet
  • Eswari, YNK and Ramani Bai, R (2002) Distribution and abundance of phytoplankton in the estuarine waters of Chennai, south east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 205-211 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sobha, V; Rammohan, A; Santhosh, S and Thara, JC (2007) Impact assessment of retting activity on the abundance of phytoplankton species of Kadinamkulam Lake, Southern Kerala Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 187-195 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Naik, S; Acharya, BC and Mohapatra, A (2009) Seasonal variations of phytoplankton in Mahanadi estuary, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 38(2) 184-190 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4669/1/IJMS%2038%282%29%20184-190.pdf
  • Banerjee, A (1999) Certain aspects of ecological preferences of plankton of Sunderban Estuary, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 107-110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zhong, Z (1989) Marine planktology Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo 454 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subramanian, SK and Krishnamurthi, MS (1997) Studies on the species composition of neritic diatoms in the aquatic realm off Tuticorin Coast in the Gulf of Mannar-Bay of Bengal Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 1-11 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devassy, VP; and Goes, JI (1988) Phytoplankton Community Structure and Succession in a Tropical Estuarine Complex (Central West Coast of India) Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Academic Press 27(6) 671-685 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(88)90074-1
  • Gopinathan, CP (1972) Seasonal abundance of phytoplankton in the Cochin backwaters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India,Cochin 14(2) 568-577 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1566/
  • Raghunathan, C; Gupta, SR; Wangikar, U and Lakhmapurkar, J (2004) A record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Current Science Current Science Association and Indian Academy of Sciences 87(8) 1131-1138 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/oct252004/1131.pdf
  • Kannan, L and Vasantha, K (1992) Microphytoplankton of the Pitchavaram mangals, southeast coast of India: species composition and population density Hydrobiologia Springer 247 77-86 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00008206
  • D’Costa, PM and Anil, AC (2010) Diatom community dynamics in a tropical, monsoon-influenced environment: West coast of India Continental Shelf Research Elsevier B.V. 30(12) 1324-1337 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.04.015
  • Sanilkumar, M G; Dr.Joseph, K J; Dr. Saramma, A V (2009) Planktonic Microalgae Microalgae in the Southwest Coast of India 34-114 Available at - http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/xmlui/purl/1922
  • Perumal, NV; Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Seasonal variations of plankton diversity in the Kaduviyar estuary, Nagapattinam, southeast coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology 30(6) 1035-1046 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200911_nov09/paper_19.pdf
  • Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P; Prabu, VA; Perumal, NV and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Phytoplankton diversity in Pichavaram mangrove waters from south-east coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises 30(4) 489-498 Available at - http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200907_jul09/paper_04.pdf
  • Gopinathan, CP (1984) A systematic account of the littoral diatoms of the southwest coast of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 2-31 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gouda, R and Panigrahy, RC (1989) Diurnal variation of phytoplankton in Rushikulya estuary, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 246-250 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subrahmanyam, MNV and Bhavanarayana, PV (1989) Distribution and abundance of phytoplankton in Visakhapatnam harbour Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 251-258 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manikannan, R; Asokan, S and Ali, AHMS (2011) Studies on species composition of plankton in the great Vedaranyam swamp of the Point Calimere wildlife sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI 3(4) 283-289 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms3(4)11/4.pdf
  • Sridhar, R; Thangaradjou, T; Kumar, SS and Kannan, L (2006) Water quality and phytoplankton characteristics in the Palk Bay, southeast coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises 27(3) 561-566 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200607_jul06/paper_17.pdf
  • Banerjee, K; Mitra, A; Majumdar, S; Choudhary, A and Bhattacharyya, DP (2001) Phytoplankton spectrum in Sundarbans Journal of Indian Ocean Studies Society for Indian Ocean Studies, New Delhi, India 9(1) 120-126 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-03-26

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