Sphyraena obtusata   Cuvier,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 40 cm; common between 20-30 cm.

Color: Grey/brown with greenish tinge above, sides silvery white without dark bars or chevrons; inside of mouth bright yellow/orange. Second dorsal, anal and caudal fins yellowish.

Height about 6, about 7 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3.4, 3.4-3.8 in length with caudal. Eye 4.3-4.5, not quite twice in snout, 1.5 in postorbital part of head, considerably more than interorbital space, which goes 1.4 in eye. Maxillaries not reaching to front border of eye, 2.4-2.5 in head. Hind border of praeoperculum gently emarginate, its posterior angle rectangular and somewhat produced into a flexible flap. Operculum without spines. Upper jaw with a series of small pointed vertical teeth and with two pairs of canines in front, the foremost pair being the smaller. Lower jaw with a series of more distant and larger vertical teeth and a single small canine at symphysis. A series of small teeth on palatines, with a few canines in front of them. A slight fleshy knob at end of lower jaw. Origin of first dorsal before vertical through tip of pectorals, and behind origin of ventrals. Its second or first and second spine the longest, longer than postorbital part of head. Distance between origin of first dorsal and snout equal to distance between base of ventrals and end of base of anal. Distance between the two dorsals twice or somewhat less than twice the base of second dorsal. Dorsal and anal emarginate. Origin of anal below first half of second dorsal. Pectorals longer than postorbital part of head. Ventrals somewhat shorter than pectorals. Caudal forked.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Sphyraena flavicauda Ruppell, 1835
Sphyraena obtusata Bleeker, 1854
Sphyraena obtusata Cantor, 1850
Sphyraena obtusata Gunther, 1860
Sphyraena obtusata Kner, 1867
Sphyraena obtusata Klunzinger, 1870
Sphyraena obtusata Gunther, 1876
Sphyraena obtusata Day, 1888
Sphyraena strenua De Vis, 1883
Sphyraena obtusata Sauvage, 1891
Sphyraena obtusata Seale, 1901
Sphyraena forsteri Jordan and Seale, 1906
Sphyraena obtusata Jordan and Seale, 1907
Sphyraena obtusata Kendall and Goldsborough, 1911
Sphyraena brachygnathos Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Sphyraena brachygnathus Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Sphyraena chinensis Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Sphyraena chrysotaenia (non Klunzinger, 1884)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraena pinguis (non Gunther, 1874)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraenella chrysotaenia (non Klunzinger, 1884)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraena obtusa Cuvier, 1829

Common Name (s)
• Obtuse Barracuda (English)
• Jellow (Telugu)
• Ganjya (Marathi)
• Badvi (Marathi)
• Kunga (Gujarati)
• Kara ooli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Sold fresh, frozen or dried salted in markets.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, Chiefly young bony fish, also copepods, cirrepede larvae, pteropods, lamellibranch larvae, gastropod larvae and few polyzoans


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 19.5) (Long: 88.83) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 70 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island (Lat: 11.08) (Long: 72.75) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Basheeruddin, S and Nayar, KN (1961) A preliminary study of the juvenile fishes of the coastal waters off Madras city Indian Journal of Fisheries Ernakulam, Cochin-ll, India 8 (1) 169-188 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1939/1/Article_15.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6009/1/1.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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