Polynemus indicus [Status Unaccepted]   Shaw,  1804 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 100 cm.

Color: Color of formol specimen light brown, darker above, a darkish blotch shining through on operculum. Faint dark longitudinal lines on body and tail, corresponding to the rows of scales. Fins yellowish, dusky at tips.

Elongate. Height 3.3, 4.6 in lenght with caudal. Head 3.6, 5 in length with caudal. Eyes covered by a gelatinous membrane, 3.6 in head, about equal to convex interorbital space and about twice in postorbital part of head. Snout pointed, half as long as eye. Mouth large, reaching far behind eye. Maxillaries scaly, twice in head. Head covered with scales to end of snout. Anterior and posterior nostrils close together, about midway between end of snout and eye. Praeoperculum coarsely serrated along its hindborder, its angle produced and rounded. Upper lip absent, lower lip well developed but not continuous at symphysis. Small teeth in narrow bands in the jaws, not extending on outside of jaws. Broader bands of teeth on palatines, constricted in the middle and narrower posteriorly. A rounded patch of similar teeth on vomer. First dorsal spine very small, second one stronger but shorter than third one and equal to postorbital part of head. Second dorsal conspicuously in advance of that of anal, its spine much shorter than second one of first dorsal and about equal to second anal spine, which is as long as snout and eye together. First anal spine minute. Second dorsal and anal deeply concave. Third ray of first dorsal sometimes prolonged into a filaments. Dorsals, anal and caudal scaly. Caudal deeply forked, with long, pointed lobes, which may be prolonged into filaments. Pectorals somewhat falciform, as long as distance between middle of eye and hindborder of operculum. Only 2 or 3 rays simple, the other ones divided. Second or third pectoral filament the longest, reaching beyond tip of ventrals or even to anal. Ventrals not much shorter than pectorals. Distance between origin of ventrals and that of anal equal to or more than length of head. Scales finely striated and finely crenulated at their hindborder.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Polynemus indicus Shaw, 1804
Polynemus sele Hamilton Buchanan, 1822
Polynemus uronemus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Polynemus uronemus Bleeker, 1849
Polynemus indicus Cantor, 1850
Polynemus indicus Bleeker, 1854
Polynemus indicus Gunther, 1860
Polynemus indicus Kner, 1867
Trichidion indicum Bleeker, 1868
Polynemus indicus Day, 1888
Polynemus indicus Vinciguerra, 1890
Trichidion indicus Fowler, 1905

Common Name (s)
• Indian Threadfin
• Monk Fish (English)
• Giant Thread Fin (English)
• Dara
Economic Importance and Threats



• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00201-9
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2779/2/J_Indian_Fish_Assoc_23_91.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6060/
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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