Polynemus plebejus   Broussonet  1782 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Polynemidae

Description
Size: 26 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens silvery or golden, fins yellowish or hyaline, pectorals slightly dusky.

Elongate. Height 3.2-3.3, 4.4-4.5 in length with caudal. Head 3-3.6, 4.2-4.5 in length with caudal. Eyes covered by a gelatinous membrane, 3.5-4 in head, about equal to interorbital space, more than twice in postorbital part of head. Snout short, 1.4-1.7 in eye, prominent, the mouth beginning at a distance equal to 3/4 diameter of eye behind point of snout. Mouth large, reaching far behind eye. Maxillaries scaly, 2-2.3 in head. Head covered with scales to tip of snout. Anterior and posterior nostrils close together, midway between end of snout and eye. Praeoperculum coarsely serrated along its hindborder, its angle produced and rounded. Upper lip absent, lower lip well developed but not continuous at symphysis. Upper and lower jaw with a narrow villiform band of small teeth, not extending on outside of jaws. Broader similar bands on palatines and a patch of teeth on head of vomer. Origin of first dorsal between that of pectorals and ventrals. First dorsal spine very small, second one the strongest, but shorter than the following ones and slightly shorter or longer than post-orbital part of head.Origin of second dorsal conspicuously in advance of that of anal, its spine shorter than second spine of first dorsal, but longer than of anal. First anal spine minute. Second dorsal and anal deeply concave. Dorsals, anal and caudal scaly. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed, the upper one the longer. Pectorals somewhat falciform, as long as or a little shorter than distance between middle of eye and hindborder of operculum. All rays simple. The pectoral filaments, the upper one of which is the longest, reach a little beyond tip of ventrals. Ventrals longer than snout and eye together. Distance between origin of ventrals and anal much less than length of head. Scales finely striated and with a crenulated hindborder.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Polynemus plebejus Broussonet 1782
Polynemus lineatus Lacepede 1803
Polynemus plebejus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829
Polynemus plebejus Bleeker 1849
Polynemus lineatus Gunther 1860
Polynemus taeniatus Gunther
Trichidion plebejus Bleeker 1862
Polynemus lineatus Kner 1867
Polynemus plebejus Gunther 1875
Polynemus plebejus Day 1888
Polynemus plebejus Steindachner 1896
Polydactylus plebeius Jordan and Seale 1906
Polydactylus agonasi Jordan and Mc Gregor 1906
Polydactylus plebeius Seale 1906
Polydactylus plebejus Steindachner 1906
Polydactylus plebeius Seale and Bean 1908
Polynemus taeniatus Gilchrist and Thompson 1908
Polynemus agonasi Franz 1910
Polynemus plebejus Weber 1913

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1922)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-07-02

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