Spirulina subsalsa   Orsted ex Gomont,  1892 (Cyanobacteria formerly Blue Green Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order:Pseudanabaenales
Family:Pseudanabaenaceae

Image copyrights: The Phycolab (The university of Alabama)

Description
Color: Dark blue green or yellowish green. Plant mass or trichomes exhibiting a wide range of colors depending upon light conditions, although often bright blue-green in strong light and shallow water and red or maroon in light that has filtered through one or more meters of water.

Thalli solitary or gregarious forming thin, membranaceous strata. Trichomes 1-2 µm in diameter, twisted into somewhat irregular or regular dense spirals. Trichomes, without visible (by light microscope) cross walls, usually distinctly spiral and 0.4-4.0 µm in diameter (usually 1-2 µm in marine forms). Trichome length is apparently determined by the environment. Trichomes increase in number by fragmentation. As a result of constriction of the cell walls toward the center of the cell, new walls are formed that become the end walls when the trichome breaks.


Synonym (s)
Spirulina subsalsa Orsted, 1842
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram, Periakadavu INDIA (Record: 04/2000-03/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram, Karithurai INDIA (Record: 04/2000-03/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Paasipattinam INDIA (Record: 2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Mutupet Mangrove (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA (Record: 2002-2003)
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• SAUDI ARABIA
• SOUTH AFRICA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Kattumavadi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Manamelkudi INDIA
• Orissa, Gopalpur Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellaru INDIA (Record: 2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Rajamutt INDIA (Record: 2001)

Literature Source(s)
  • Nedumaran, T; Thillairajasekar, K and Perumal, P (2008) Mangrove associated cyanobacteria at Pichavaram, Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 77-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Seaweed database: The seaweeds from the north central Gulf of Mexico (Alabama) Available at - http://www.bama.ua.edu/~jlopez/dbhome.htm
  • Selvakumar, G and Sundararaman, M (2007) Diversity of cyanobacterial flora in the backwaters of Palk Bay region Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 139-144 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sudha, SS; Panneerselvam, A and Thajuddin, N (2007) Seasonal variation of cyanobacteria at Muthupet mangrove environs, Tamilnadu, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 263-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nedumaran, T and Manokaran, S (2009) Cyanobacterial flora in some salt pans of Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India Journal of Phytology 1(3) 169–171 Available at - http://journal-phytology.com/article/view/699/588
  • Devi, S; Devi, M and Padhi, S (1995) Ecology of cyanobacterial plankton in backwater of Gopalpur (Orissa) Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 17(1-2) 87-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Humm, HJ and Wicks, SR (1980) Introduction and guide to the Marine bluegreen algae A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley and Sons 194 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-04

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