Spirulina major   Kutzing ex Gomont,  1892 (Cyanobacteria formerly Blue Green Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order:Pseudanabaenales
Family:Pseudanabaenaceae

Image copyrights: Science Photo Library

Description
Size: Trichomes 1.2-1.7 μm in diameter.

Plant mass when aggregated together forming blue-green or when exposed to sunlight yellowish green somewhat expanded membrane but commonly filaments found scattered among other plankton algae. Somewhat flexuous, regularly spirally coiled without visible septa or partition walls of cells, length of each turn 4 μm, distance between the turns 6 μm. Contents granular, blue-green.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram, Periakadavu INDIA (Record: 04/2000-03/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram, Karithurai INDIA (Record: 04/2000-03/2001)
• West Bengal, Rajarhat INDIA (Record: 26/04/2002)
• West Bengal, Deganga INDIA (Record: 01/05/2002)
• Maharashtra, Nalasopara Saltpans INDIA (Record: 10/2002-12/2002)
• Karnataka, Netravati Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1993-05/1994)
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Prathaparamanpattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Manamelkudi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Kattumavadi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Ammapattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kaduviyar estuary INDIA (Record: 10/2005-09/2006)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA (Record: 1984-1986)

Literature Source(s)
  • Nedumaran, T; Thillairajasekar, K and Perumal, P (2008) Mangrove associated cyanobacteria at Pichavaram, Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 77-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Naskar, N; Naskar, KR and Sen, CR (2008) Brackish water Oscillatoriaceae from north 24-Parganas, West Bengal, India Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy Bangladesh Association of Plant Taxonomists 15(1) 31-38 Available at - http://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BJPT/article/viewFile/909/975
  • Velankar, DA and Chaugule, BB (2007) Algae of the saltpans of Nalasopara, Mumbai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 273-278 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, K (1948) Common fresh & brackish water algal flora of India & Burma Records of the Botanical Survey of India Periodical Expert Book Agency, Delhi, India 15(1) 125 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gowda, G; Gupta, TRC; Rajesh, KM; Gowda, H; Lingadhal, C and Ramesh, AM (2001) Seasonal distribution of phytoplankton in Nethravathi estuary, Mangalore Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 31-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nedumaran, T and Manokaran, S (2009) Cyanobacterial flora in some salt pans of Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India Journal of Phytology 1(3) 169–171 Available at - http://journal-phytology.com/article/view/699/588
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Perumal, NV; Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Seasonal variations of plankton diversity in the Kaduviyar estuary, Nagapattinam, southeast coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology 30(6) 1035-1046 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200911_nov09/paper_19.pdf
  • Humm, HJ and Wicks, SR (1980) Introduction and guide to the Marine bluegreen algae A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley and Sons 194 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Shetty, HPC; Saha, SB and Ghosh, BB (1963) Observations on the distribution and fluctuations of plankton in the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system, with notes on their relation to commercial fish landings Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 8 (2) 326-363 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Science Photo Library Available at - http://www.sciencephoto.com/
  • Subrahmanyam, MNV and Bhavanarayana, PV (1989) Distribution and abundance of phytoplankton in Visakhapatnam harbour Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 251-258 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-30

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